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6 Simple Steps to Writing a Scientific Paper

Every academic citizen who has decided to study at one of the numerous world universities, both globe-famous and smaller ones, has at least once encountered writing different types of papers. This is somewhat logical – the point of such endeavors is to develop the skill of research and learn how to establish theses and conclusions. Many grades and final marks outcomes depend on this form of testing and pre-examination activities, although it often happens that students fall in love with this principle of work so much that it remains their practice even after graduating. This way, various prestigious scientific papers and case studies that are cited today in student seminar papers and essays were born. To some, this doesn’t seem like too much success, but for an educated person, there’s no greater reward than for their efforts to be shaped in this way.

Let’s break this down into simple factors and see how one can gradually write a successful scientific paper that they can be proud of. Careful – you might really need it.

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1. Determine the paper topic

First of all and before anything starts… we can’t know how to go further if we haven’t clearly defined the topic we want to explore and write more about it. This decision depends a lot on personal interests and preferences, but also on the professors who represent the mentors and their ideas and thoughts. At some universities and within certain subjects, students are free to choose the desired topic to develop. In contrast, some courses require explicit adherence to the topic prescribed by the mentor.

When we decide for ourselves, it’s of paramount importance to decide on something we actually feel. It’ll be much harder for us to research and develop a concept that isn’t really that close to us, as it would require twice as much effort and is more strenuous. Therefore, it’s advisable to compile a list of possible titles that you’re personally interested in, and then decide which of them you would like to process and present through your scientific work.

2. Write a concept

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The next step would be to outline the most prominent units your study would contain. Almost every form of written work of this type is mainly divided into several main units, so it wouldn’t be bad to try to imagine what it will look like at the very beginning.

Try to design at least subheadings within these larger segments and to briefly determine where the key points will be indicated and how much space you can dedicate to each of them. It all starts with this – of course, after you have chosen the ways in which you’ll prove the point of your research and conduct certain types of experiments on which your writing will be based.

This section also involves finding the appropriate tables, figures, and other similar data that’ll find their place and application among the pages of your study. Surely, all in accordance with what the subject of your paper focuses on. If you perform the research yourself and get your own results, join them to this group of additional assets – their moment will come once it’s time for the appropriate part of the text that deals with them.

Therefore, the purpose of this step is to arrange what we learned from the materials that were available to us in such a way as to cover all relevant segments and respond to the topic in the right way.

3. Jump over the introduction and conclusion – go straight to the section ‘Methods’

Why is this? So… isn’t an introduction called like that because it should actually introduce us to the whole meaning of what we write and study? That’s right. However, if you think about it a little better, creating the initial part right away can be quite a thankless task. It may happen that at the very beginning, we have one vision of how we prefer to do this, but that everything changes after we really start to put together a body of work, compare the results and implement the methods we describe.

In order to avoid such situations, where it would probably be necessary to delete the entire introduction and start again, we leave this part as well as the conclusion for the very end. Then we’ll already have a complete picture, we’ll know what we’ve achieved with that process and we’ll be able to point out all that more precisely in the first, as well as in the last lines of our study.

We first talk about the methods we’ve decided to implement in our study process. They indicate the ways in which we actually came up with the results we discuss later in the text. Of course, they can be more than diverse and largely depend on the type of topic, and can include surveys, questionnaires, experiments, data analysis, and other types of examination. It’s all up to you and your own ways of research.

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4. Then write ‘Results’ and ‘Discussion’ sections

‘Results’ are probably the very core of this whole process. Why? Because there lies the heart of your exploration. Here you’re able to introduce the readers with the things that were born from the methods you have used and to reveal what you found out on this journey. In fact, without them, scientific work has no point and can’t be realized, since they’re actually the reason why it’s created.

If this whole has several sub-segments, feel free to separate them. Numbers, letters, subtitles… whatever you prefer. It’s crucial that this section is clear, legible and clearly set up so that everyone who reads is able to see the essence and understand where the conclusions you have drawn come from. Too many complex explanations and complications will only make your study more difficult to understand and follow, which again might result in reduced efficiency.

After we’ve managed to present the fruits of our labor, what follows is a discussion. In essence, this section mainly deals with elaborating on the results and answering potential questions that may arise after their publication. It’s a perfect place to compare your results with other scientific papers and similar studies, to explain things that may have remained unsaid, and to clarify ambiguities.

5. And then… finalize this with a conclusion and go back to the introduction

This must be pretty clear. There should be a way to sum up everything within a couple of paragraphs. What should be paid the most attention to here are some of the highlights of the work and the most crucial points within the entire subject of study. In general, it doesn’t have to be too extensive. His point is to bring the text to an end and to get the final word in one place.

Only after this is over, we return to the initial part. Now that we have almost finished a paper in front of us, it’s much simpler for us to compose a decent introductory word and explain to the readers what the purpose of the work is. What do we want to prove with it? For what reasons did we decide to take this step? Make sure there are compelling details in this section in order to convince the reader to follow the text until the end.

6. Check everything

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Finally, once you took care of every single part of your scientific paper, after you have sorted all the subheadings in order of importance and processed them in a quality manner, there comes a check-up. What kind? Every kind.

The first step of the final part of the assignment is to ensure all the words are written correctly, without any spelling or grammar mistakes. Lack of literacy is the biggest turn-off, apart from missing the point of the topic. Font and style need to be adapted to prescribed writing instructions provided by your university or institution.

Also, it’s not a huge sin to ask professionals for their opinion. While some opt for the assistance provided by subject professors, some will prefer to choose legitimate essay writing service. Have you known that, for example, essay.biz counts a huge number of authors who not only help, but also write whole texts. This might be a decent option for the ones who don’t have enough time to work it out or who have it as an urgent assignment.


Peter is a freelance writer with more than eight years of experience covering topics in politics. He was one of the guys that were here when the foreignpolicyi.org started.

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