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Inventions That Turned the Course of History

Every age in the history of mankind has had its inventors, whose ingenuities have changed the world in which we live today. In this article, we will introduce you to inventions that have drastically changed the world. These are inventions without which life would be unthinkable today.

The Great Inventions Of Mankind

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From the creation of the universe to the present day, strange and complex changes have developed in the human mind. Our species grew and survived despite the collisions in the universe, eruptions of volcanoes and many other changes that mankind has witnessed. And – we have survived to this day when, thanks to the development of thoughts and technical advances, we can at least take a peek into this vast world.

On one side we have humans – on the other is an endless space of the universe that is pressing and luring us with new and undiscovered secrets. What does this mysterious space look like? The future will tell us, but we will remind you of some significant inventions of mankind that have changed the course of our lives forever.

Wheel – The Peer Of Civilization

Source:ancient-origins.net

Wheel development has been slow but steady. Its precursor was a primitive wooden cylinder that made it easier to move when rolled under heavy loads. We can find the earliest proof of the existence of a wheel on the remains of Central Asian cultures (Ur, 2700 BC). Around 1700 BC, the application of the wheel extended to China and Egypt. The first wheels with spokes were reported on the battles of the ancient Romans, around 300 BC. Before its advent in Europe, the Pacific islands were unaware of its existence, and in pre-Columbian America, the wheel principle was known, but they had not developed its application.

Writing Supplies / From Stone To Graphite

Paper

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Tsai Lun was a Chinese inventor, eunuch and prominent figure in the emperor’s court. He is credited with discovering the paper and the process of producing that thin material. According to historical sources, Tsai Lun broke the bark of mulberry wood into fibers and made sheets of paper from them. However, archaeological research indicates that the paper began to be applied about 250 years before Tsai Lun. In the Fangmatan archaeological site in southwestern China’s province of Gansu – a fragment of a 2nd century BC map was found, representing the oldest known piece of paper in the world. Unfortunately, the production formula was not saved. The early pens were stiff. In ancient Mesopotamia, the stylus was used for writing on soft clay tablets. They were partly trapezoid in shape and made of reeds.

Pencil

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The Romans wrote on wax tablets and could erase what they wrote. Ancient Egyptians used chopped reed pens. Over time, people switched to using the feathers of large birds. They were mostly written on materials such as parchment and papyrus. It is only since the 17th century that pens have become more flexible. Finally, the discovery of graffiti triggered pencil writing. The Italian married couple Bernacotti sketched the first pen of this kind in the 16th century. In the early 19th century, sewn pencils with a handle and a special metal part appeared in England.

Plane / Realization Of Ancient Dream

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Ancient Greek scientist Archytas built a bird-shaped aircraft in the 4th century BC that reportedly flew 200 m! And in his piece “Codex on the flight of birds,” Leonardo da Vinci portrayed and designed the aircraft. In ancient times, humans tried to imitate bird flight by placing artificial wings on a machine. English inventor and engineer George Cayley built a glider in 1853 that was able to carry passengers and laid the foundations for the creation of the aircraft. It was a fixed-wing aircraft, with a propulsion system and control surface.

The first glider flight was made by Frenchman Jean-Marie Le Bris, a few years later. And at the end of the 19th century, there were more short-term flights and more and more enthusiasts who wanted to be the inventors of what later became the airplane. Some of them paid that price with their own life. Finally, the brothers from Ohio, Wilbur and Orville Wright made the first internationally recognized controlled and steady flight on December 17, 1903.

The Discovery of Electricity – War Of The Currents

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Serbian scientist Nikola Tesla was a scientist whose brilliance enabled today’s modern life. We couldn’t imagine life today without power supply or mass communication systems. His enemy and former boss, Thomas Edison, was also a famous American inventor. These two divided scientists waged the so-called “War of the currents”  because of electrical systems that were meant to supply the world with electricity. Tesla advocated an AC system and Edison one-way. Tesla’s ideas often represented inventions for which there was no space on the market in those times.

He has also worked for years on a system of wireless transmitting of voice, images or moving pictures. That laid the foundation for many of the later inventions we use today (the radio, TV, mobile phones). Still, Tesla was not a good businessman, which could not be said for Edison.

Edison’s Legacy – Inventions And Good Business

Source:zmescience.com

Edison’s enduring legacy lies not in just one patent or technology – but in factories of innovation – claimed some historians and scientists. Specifically, Edison timely assessed the importance of patenting the invention. Therefore, every invention that came from his company was patented and well protected. The importance of patenting is still of great importance today, claim the companies involved in this business. Today, companies like Invent help are here to provide inventors with real support in patenting and subsequently branding their inventions. If you are the inventor and want to know how to protect your patent – click here.

Given that every new invention has to pass rigorous controls and require extensive research – the existence of such companies today greatly facilitates the situation for some new scientists who are facing the problem of market breakthroughs.

Car / World On The Wheels

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A car usually means a motor vehicle on wheels that is used to transport people and goods. The year of birth of the modern car is 1886 when the German inventor Karl Benz patented his patent Patent-Motorwagen. Cars have entered mass use in the 20th century and today we cannot imagine life without them. As time went on, cars became more and more complex: they were getting more modern equipment and increasingly complex control functions, which made them not only more comfortable but also safer, and the controls were easier to operate.

Computer / Instead Of The Human Brain

Source:thoughtco.com

A computer is a complex device used to perform mathematical operations or control operations that can be expressed in numerical or logical form. They are made up of components that perform simpler, more clearly defined functions. The complex interaction of these components results in the ability of a computer to process information. The computers we know today originated in the mid-20th century, though the roots of computing are much older.

Modern Computers

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The capabilities of modern computers based on integrated circuits are millions or billions of times greater than early machines and take up little space to accommodate them. Simple computers are small enough to accommodate mobile devices with small batteries that can power them. Personal computers in various forms are what most people consider “computers”. However, integrated computers are present in many devices, ranging from MP3 players to fighter jets, from toys to industrial robots.

Internet

Source:activistpost.com

A network of computers that cover the entire planet, allows people to access all information, anywhere in the world. It would be unnecessary to write what the internet allows, it may not matter as the wheel, but it is certainly one of the greatest inventions ever. The first idea about the Internet was presented by Nikola Tesla, who envisaged the use of the Internet and its benefits.

A Useful Guide for First Time Flyers

Are you flying for the first time?

Yes! Then I am sure you might have some questions revolving in your head related to your journey, where you might be a bit embarrassed to ask queries from your vacationist friends. No worries. Flying for the first time isn’t a hard nut to crack, one merely needs to know the elementary information to avoid any inconvenience during the travel.

As per my personal experiences, I will be sharing a list with all the mandatory items that you should take with you on a long flight.

Let’s start with the booking as it is the first step which may get you crazy if don’t choose an appropriate vendor. Thus, narrow your search for flight booking and visit Faremart.com, a travel booking platform that serves the travelers by providing satisfactory Air Travel services, having access to 450+ airlines.

It provides you with valuable information regarding the do’s and don’ts of your chosen method of travel like the best and cheapest flight, food, holiday packages as well as destination advice.

Once you’ve booked your flight and hotel accommodations, you’re ready to start your adventure. I’m sure this will help you have a much better journey than ever before. Down below, I am sharing some of the best tips that will help you to get over the initial hurdles.

Just go through these points on how to prepare for your flight travel as well as what to do to minimize any discomfort on your way.

Img source: adventure.com

Follow these below-mentioned steps and enjoy your first time flying experience

1. Online Ticket Booking

Online ticket booking is an easy task if you know how to book online as there are a huge number of option (websites) available for ticket booking.

Due to heavy competition in this field, everyone (such as online websites, travel agents, airlines, etc.) wants to win the game by convincing you for taking their services where the whole process goes puzzling and you might get confused to select the right one.

So, to make your first flight enjoyable and reasonable go for checking out the official sites of the airline you wish to travel in and check for its offers and deals for your travel destination. The airlines you choose must be comfortable to make your trip memorable, and also make sure that the cost of your trip comes under your budget.

However, if you wish to buy tickets from a website, make sure you check its ratings, reviews, services, policies, and popularity so that you leave no chances to suffer in your first try.

It is recommended to do some research on all online ticket booking sites, compare their costs, duration, timing and flight type(like unstoppable, stoppable), discounts and offers, flexibility, and most importantly the flyer’s reviews of that airline that will help you decide the best one to proceed with the flight booking.

2. Complete Homework for Your Necessary Travel Documents

The primary and most important thing is your passport so firstly gather your passport if you are traveling internationally then your TSA document. Your boarding passes, the hotel booking confirmations or the tour confirmations.

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Most of the flyers worry about arriving without the necessary documents, and it mostly happens with the first time flyers due to nervousness. So, take a deep breath, relax, and enjoy your journey without any tension as you have already made the checklist of documents you needed.

  • Passport
  • Tickets/e-tickets
  • Visa
  • Onward tickets
  • TSA documents
  • Travel Insurance

3. Baggage Allowance and Packing Strategy

It’s always advisable to read the baggage policy properly while booking the tickets as you have to pack your luggage according to your airline’s baggage allowance policy.

Also, make sure not to carry those things which are prohibited in your booked airline. You should plan and pack your luggage according to the policy as the luggage weight to the dimensions all matters while you are traveling via air.

Always pack the needed stuff or right one with lightweight. For this make a checklist of the necessary stuff you required at your destination means – weather wise – place wise and the days you are going to spend there.

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It always right to do your homework correctly on the airlines you are going to travel. As all airlines have their different rules for different routes(like domestic, international), so always check your airline’s policies and the baggage limitations before traveling to avoid any hassle situation.

Read all the instructions properly and also check the carry on luggage restrictions on a flight as many airlines allow limited things in your hand baggage and some of the stuff in your check-in baggage.

Also, they provide a list which you can’t bring in your hand baggage so to avoid any mishappening you need to be careful with all these things.

Keep in mind how much weight you are willing to haul around with you. As a general rule, pack as light as possible and keep a little bit of room for souvenirs or purchases when abroad.

4. Reach the Airport Early

Don’t Be Late! The habit of being punctual is an essential quality. As I have already told that every airline has its own rule and own set of policies so we can’t compare between them. So whenever you booked your ticket always check their check-in timings and according to that you should reach at least one hour before.

So, you need to reach there before two hours to hassle-free check-in. You arrived early so you can complete your check-in on time and there is no need to be in a hurry which is a most relaxing feeling.

Generally, when you see in airport maximum people are running here and there to catch their flight as they are late so to avoid those type of situation you should arrive early to the airport.

Sometimes due to the confusion of terminal, gate number, the flight scheduled or depart time, etc. people miss their flights, so it’s better to check twice all these details as you are traveling the first time, so it’s obvious that you are not familiar with these processes and the places.

Source:getaway.10best.com

The best way to relax is not to think too much and enjoy every moment, Or you can explore the airport which is a very interesting place, with multiple shops, variety of people and lots of food. Also, you can relax on their lounges and tank up before your flight.

5. Be Patient

Maybe you are nervous as you are flying for the first time. Sometimes you feel a bit confusing on the Airport but don’t worry; at that moment you can take the help of airline’s employees or the security staff. Airports are busy places, and often, you will experience different types of travelers here.

Source:usatoday.com

6. Check-in and Document Verification

The check-in desk will be the first stop for your document verification. It’s just a formality to make sure you have all of your documentation in order.

Here are the steps that will help you to find your way at the airport:

  • Keep your ticket nearby–  to avoid any delay and to get the terminal quickly
  • Use a trolley to carry your luggage, and you can get the trolleys stacked near the entrance.
  • Bring your I-card with you, as you will need to show it whenever anyone asks.
  • Once you arrive in, then head to your airline queue with your ticket and id proof.
  • Need to go through security and get your baggage scanned.
  • After security check-in collects your boarding pass.
  • If you have already checked in online and choose the seat of your choice, then it’s good otherwise try your luck at the counter.
  • Check your boarding pass, collect your baggage that you are carrying to the cabin and proceed to the given terminal.

(One can even get an e-boarding pass on his/her mobile device, especially when you travel with popular airlines. Air Canada boarding pass, American Airlines e-boarding pass, Etihad boarding pass, etc. can be downloaded on the device and can be scanned at the security check and while boarding)

  • To get to your terminal, you have to cross security, and here the security staff scanned your body and checked if you are carrying any prohibited things.
  • Once you are crossed the security check-ins, collect all your items from there and proceed to the gate where your flight will come.

7. Proceed to Your Gate

Here the gate number is mentioned in your ticket where you need to move and take the flight. But sometimes due to traffic or weather issues, the gate number has changed so keep your eyes on the airport monitor and ears on airport speaker so that whenever any changes happened, it should be known to you.

So no need to be panic, relax and enjoy the experience of your first journey. Also seat nearby your assigned gate so that whenever the airline staff announced for the boarding, you can easily reach to the gate.

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8. Board the Airplane

Now the time has come for which you are eagerly waiting; the boarding. When the gate agent or the airline staff called for the boarding then make sure that you have carried your all belongings as sometimes people forgot their things in the airport.

So be comfortable and don’t be in a hurry, checked your belongings properly, and then left your seat. When you proceed to the plane, check your row printed on your boarding pass and according to that, take your place and set your luggage or handbag you have carried in the cabin.

Remember, airplanes aren’t as comfortable as your living room. SO you need to adjust a bit and keep your belongings in the overhead bin or under the seat in front of you.

9. During the Flight

Now your journey has started and the plane takeoff to your destination. Here most of the time the flight attendants come and offer you some beverages like coffee, breakfast, dinner, soup, etc.

Sometimes these things are complementary, and its cost is added to your tickets only, but sometimes it is chargeable. They are generally accepting the card payment but if you have cash then also manageable. But try to keep cards with you for any payment and enjoy your journey to the fullest.

Img source: thefearofflying.com

Also, don’t do overeating while traveling.

I suggest you go through these tips and boost your confidence in enjoying your full journey. See everything needs a plan so before traveling, do your proper homework with the airlines and prepare yourself for air travel, which makes your first journey remarkable and stress-free.

At this point, you should be Up, Up, and Away! Enjoy Your Flight!