Mars

Is Trump Trying to Sell the Moon?

The US executive order to mine the Moon proves that the collective good seems to be less important than neoliberal ideas of “value”.

According to David Bollier “the real estate developer who improbably became US President legally declared that he sees the Moon in far less elevated terms”, reports Al Jazeera.

Source:scramnews.com

President Trump signed the executive order which makes the private commercial uses of the Moon, Mars and meteors authorized. This means that Off-Earth bodies are now starting to be observed as a means to gain profit.

The so-called space business was the topic of the US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross’ request to the US government.  He called the government to support this kind of business, and to reduce regulations and coordinating government aid, especially due to the competitive threats by China and Russia. He also emphasized the idea of the space tourism and using ice on the Moon’s dark side for the creation of hydrogen and oxygen. The latter two could be then used for rockets for Mars, according to Ross. On the top of that, he has the idea of “turning the Moon into a kind of gas station for outer space.”

Source:metro.co.uk

Property rights’ for Americans on the Moon, by 2020 as well as the large-scale economic development of space are being further explored by Trump’s administration.

Ross is enlightened by the whole idea, so he compared it to A Space Odyssey, a film from 2001. Further, he has no doubt that it will happen. “IT is coming closer to reality sooner than you may have ever thought possible”, stated Ross.

The question which arises is: Who really owns the Moon?

Source:foreignpolicy.com

Things like the space, oceans, and atmosphere are usually referred to as global commons by politicians and economists. It implies that these notions in fact belong to everybody and that they should be used for the collective good. The fact many nations have signed series of treaties in order to keep the space in the zone of the collective and global, proves that it does belong to all of us.

In 1959, seven states agreed that Antarctica should be non-militarized by signing a treaty in order to establish a scientific research commons there.

In 1967, USA together with more than 100 states, signed the Outer Space Treaty, which guarantees that the research done in space will be for the benefit of the humankind.

A Moon Agreement from 1979 is considered to be the international law. The US did not sign it, but it is still considered to be valuable. According to this agreement the Moon is not a private property, which means that it cannot be colonized, owned or militarized.

It seems that it is hard to get rid of the imperialism, though. Trump’s executive order proves that the states do not observe things as the collective good, but rather as the free resources in order to gain profit.

30 Roman Mythology Names for Babies

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Roman mythology is rich with lots of stories that originated from history, religion and perhaps other mythologies predominantly Greek. And as you already know, Roman mythology has a large number of figures, both male and female famous for various things. Baby names inspired by Roman mythology are on the rise and it is not a surprising thing since there are some wonderful names that can be used. Here are 15 male and 15 female names you can consider for your baby.

Male

source: babycentre.co.uk

15. Romulus

According to the legend, Romulus was one of the founders of Rome.

14. Amulius

In Roman mythology, Amulius overthrew his brother Numitor, but Romulus and Remus later deposed him.

13. Pollux

Pollux was the twin brother of Castor and the son of Zeus. Translated to English, it means “sweet”.

12. Janus

He was the Roman God of beginnings and gateways. This God had two faces and in Latin, Janus means “archway”.

11. Vulcan

Vulcan was the God of fire. It is a powerful name.

10. Tatius

In Roman mythology, Tatius was a king of the Sabines.

9. Cupid

Cupid was the Roman God of love. He often appears in drawings and television today as a boy with wings with a bow and arrow. In mythology, he was the son of Venus.

8. Evander

Translated to English, Evander means “good man”. He was the founder of the city of Pallantium.

7. Italus

Italus is not as famous as Remus and Romulus, but he was their father. He gave his name to the region which is today known as Italy.

6. Mars

Mars was the God of war, but it is also the name of the fourth planet in the solar system. It can also be a name of your baby boy.

5. Jupiter

Another Roman god was Jupiter but he was the supreme god in their mythology.

4. Pluto

Pluto was the God of the underworld and an alternate name for Hades. It is a latinized version of the name Ploutos which means “wealth”.

3. Quirinus

He was one of the smaller Roman Gods while his name comes from the Sabine word quiris meaning “a spear”.

2. Saturn

He was the father of Jupiter and Juno, according to the mythology. He was also the God of agriculture

1. Remus

We have Romulus, but the second founder of Rome was just as important.

Img source: alicdn.com

Female

15. Aurora

The Roman Goddess of the morning was called Aurora. It is a beautiful name for a baby girl.

14. Victoria

Victoria is a name of the Roman Goddess of victory, but that name kept re-appearing through history. It is popular today.

13. Vesta

The Roman Goddess of the hearth has her temple in Roma and the name is slightly unusual but gorgeous nonetheless.

12. Silvia

Silvia was the mother of Remus and Romulus and it is the female version of the name Silvius.

11. Lucretia

This is the feminine version of Roman name Lucretius. Also, one Spanish saint was named like this.

10. Maia

Maia was the wife to Vulcan and the Goddess of spring.

9. Lavinia

A wonderful name for a girl, Lavinia was the daughter of King Latinus and the wife of Aeneas.

8. Flora

This name is derived from the Latin word “flos” meaning “flower”. As the name suggests, she was the Goddess of flowers and the wife of Zephyr, the west wind.

7. Diana

Diana was the Goddess of the forest, moon, and childbirth, according to Roman mythology.

6. Felicitas

Goddess Felicitas was the personification of good fortune in Rome. There are some variations to the name today such as Felicia.

5. Juno

Juno was one of the most important Goddesses and she was the Queen of the heavens. She was also the wife of Jupiter.

4. Rhea

Rhea was the wife of Cronus and the mother of Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus.

3. Nona

Nona was the Goddess of pregnancy in ancient Rome and her name means “nine”.

2. Minerva

Minerva translated as “intellect” was the Goddess of wisdom and war.

1. Pax

Slightly unusual, but Pax can be a beautiful name – it means “peace” in Latin.

Roman Gods and Goddesses – Mythology You Should Know

Usually, when we think of mythology, Greek mythology comes to mind. The Greeks influenced other cultures including the Romans and their empire which stretched across Europe, parts of Asia and northern Africa. Roman Gods aren’t as famous as the Greek and people nowadays don’t know much about them. However, they are just as powerful and we will refer to the gods and goddesses which shaped the destiny of Rome and minds of the plebeians.

Saturn

It is believed that Saturn was the ruler of the Earth during the “lost” Golden Age which epitomized the balance between peace, harmony, stability and prosperity. When we look at the Greek mythology, similar role belonged to Cronus, which means that Saturn can be perceived as the god of time. Stoic philosopher Quintus Lucilius Balbus said:
“By Saturn, they seek to represent that power which maintains the cyclic course of times and seasons. This is the sense that the Greek name of that god bears, for he is called Kronos, which is the same as Chronos or Time. Saturn for his part got his name because he was “sated” with years; the story that he regularly devoured his own children is explained by the fact that time devours the courses of the seasons and gorges itself “insatiably” on the years that are past. Saturn was enchained by Jupiter to ensure that his circuits did not get out of control, and to constrain him with the bonds of the stars.”

source: youtube.com

Jupiter

Jupiter is the Supreme deity among the roman gods and its equivalent in the Greek mythology is Zeus. Jupiter was seen as a bearded male who personified the light, thunder and sky. Speaking in the language of history, Jupiter was one of the personalized deities of the Etruscan kings, who made their ways to the triad of gods. The three gods – Jupiter, Mars and Quirinus were worshiped in the early Roman state. To show how much the citizens appreciated and respected Jupiter, the impressive Temple of Jupiter was risen on the Capitoline Hill.

source: youtube.com

Juno

Juno is a wife to Jupiter, the main god in the Roman mythology, which makes her just as important. She was given the title of Regina. When we look at the genealogy, Juno was the daughter of Saturn, which technically makes her the sister to Jupiter. Furthermore, she is the mother to other gods such as Mars, Juventas and Vulcan. In comparison with the Greeks, Juno is linked to Hera.

source: youtube.com

Neptune

Neptune is Jupiter’s brother and he controls all the waters on this planet. Neptune belongs to the most powerful gods in the Roman mythology and he is associated to Poseidon from the Greek culture. Both gods carry a trident and artworks found in North Africa find them to be very similar. Furthermore, Neptune was also worshipped as the god of horses, just like it was the case with Poseidon.

source: youtube.com

Minerva

Perhaps the best description of Minerva comes from Ovid. He said that she was the “goddess of thousand works” and she was indeed. Minerva was in charge of wisdom, poetry, medicine, art, crafts and commerce and there is only one equivalent in the Greek mythology – Athena. According to the legend, Minerva was created from Jupiter’s forehead after the supreme god swallowed her mother Metis. However, history tells it differently and Minerva has much older heritage, just like the other Roman gods and goddesses.

source: bbc.co.uk

Mars

While Jupiter is considered the supreme god in the Roman mythology, Mars could be perceived as his right arm. He was the god of war and according to some agriculture. Although it is often compared to Ares from Greece, Mars is much more complex and able. Instead of being impulsive and chaotic like wars usually are, Mars is composed and he was the protector of the Roman way of life and its people. He defended the cities and state borders against its intruders and he was often portrayed as a father figure to Romulus and Remus.

source: youtube.com

Venus

The goddess of beauty, love, desire and sex was Venus whereas its equivalent in Greek mythology is Aphrodite. And just like it is the case with other Roman gods in comparison with its Greek counterparts, Venus is more complex than Aphrodite. She is also the goddess of victory and fertility while some assign her prostitution as well.
It comes to no surprise that she had many children with Mars and some of their names include Timor, Metus, Concordia and Cupids.

source: youtube.com

Apollo

Apollo is the name for the God who was the entity of light, music, poetry, medicine, prophecy and archery. Interestingly enough, Apollo is one of few Roman gods who was directly translated from the Greek mythology. He is one of Jupiter sons and the first table that was established to honor this god dates back to the late 5th century BC.

source: wagwalking.com

Diana

Diana was the virgin goddess of hunt, wildlands, nature and Moon. She belonged to the triad of female Roman deities, including Minerva and Vesta and they were all maidens. Perhaps the best explanation of Diana comes from Quintus Lucilius Balbus who said:
“People regard Diana and the moon as one and the same. … the moon (luna) is so called from the verb to shine (lucere). Lucina is identified with it, which is why in our country they invoke Juno Lucina in childbirth, just as the Greeks call on Diana the Light-bearer. Diana also has the name Omnivaga (“wandering everywhere”), not because of her hunting but because she is numbered as one of the seven planets; her name Diana derives from the fact that she turns darkness into daylight (dies). She is invoked at childbirth because children are born occasionally after seven, or usually after nine, lunar revolutions…”

source: youtube.com

Vulcan

Vulcan is one of the oldest Roman gods and its origin is traced back to approximately 7th century BC. He was the god of fire and forges and his forged was believed to be located under the Mount Aetna in Sicily. Its equivalent in the Greek culture was Hephaestus, the god of fire and metalworking.

source: youtube.com

Vesta

Vesta is the daughter of Saturn and sister of Jupiter and she is considered both the oldest and the youngest of Roman gods. Yes, it is a paradox, but according to the legend, she was the first to be swallowed by Saturn and the last to be released from the confines of his father. Even though she was beautiful, she rejected Apollo and Neptune who wanted her for their wife. Instead of marrying one of the gods, Vesta remained a maid and that is why she is the goddess of hearth, home and domestic scope. Her equivalent in Greek mythology is Hestia.

source: youtube.com

Mercury

Mercury is one of the younger gods in Roman mythology and he represented wealth and trade as well as financial gains that go with it. He is often connected to the Greek counterpart Hermes also knowns as the messenger god. Even though Mercury was one of the “smaller” gods, he was extremely popular in Gaul and Britain, according to Julius Caesar.

source: youtube.com

Ceres

Ceres was a beloved god that represented agriculture, crops, fertility and mother relationships. She was the daughter of Saturn and sister to Jupiter, however, often associated to this god is her daughter Proserpine. Their relationship is interesting and Ceres actually lost her daughter, who was kidnapped by Pluto, the god of the underworld. Proserpine could return to Earth only from spring to autumn and you can see how that corresponds with seasons. Her equivalent in Greek mythology is Demeter and her daughter Persephone.

source: youtube.com

Bacchus

Bacchus is the god wine and wine making and he is a copied version of Dionysus, from the Greek culture. The changes between the two gods are so small. Dionysus and therefore Bacchus, was famous for private ceremonies that were considered secret and during which people would get drunk and enter a different state of mind. You must be familiar with the term “bacchanalian” that means a “drunken feast”.

source: commons.wikimedia.org

Mithras

One god that originated in ancient Persia was called Mithra in their culture and Mithras in Greco-Roman mythology. This god had a solid number of followers and in its heydays this religion was one of the rivals to Christianity. It was mainly practiced by the members of the Roman military, but it originated among the upper classes and it was quite mysterious at the time.

source: tertullian.org