Eva Braun

Angela Hitler, Adolph’s older sister

Angela Hitler was born in Braunau, Austria-Hungary, on July 28th, 1883. She was the second child of Alois Hitler and Franziska Matzelsberger, whom Hitler Sr. married after the death of his first wife, Anna Glasl-Hörer. Even before Anna’s death, the couple was involved in an affair that started shortly after Hitler and Anna’s wedding.

Angela was one year old when her mother died. Her father married for the third and final time in 1885 and Angela and her older brother, Alois Jr. went to live with him and their stepmother, Klara Pölzl. On April 20th, 1889, Alois Sr. and Klara had the first of their two children that survived the childhood, Adolph Hitler. Four of Hitler’s siblings died very young. Gustav and Ida died of diphtheria in 1886. Otto was born in 1887 and died the same year. After Adolph Hitler, Klara gave birth to Edmund in 1894, only to see him die of measles six years later. It was just Paula, born in 1896, who survived to adulthood as the only Hitler’s sibling.

In 1903, Alois Hitler Sr. died. In September of the same year, Angela Hitler married her first husband, Leo Raubal. The couple lived in Linz, where Klara moved with the children after her husband died. Angela and Leo had a son, Leo Jr., and two daughters, Geli and Elfriede. Leo died in 1910, leaving Angela to take care of the children alone. By that time, she has lost contact with Adolph Hitler.

Source:allthatsinteresting.com

After the World War I, Angela and the girls moved to Vienna. She found a job as a manager of Mensa Academia Judaica, a boarding school for Jewish boys. She often had to defend them from anti-Semitic attackers and this earned her a favorable mention in Walter Langer’s report on Hitler, called The Mind of Adolf Hitler.

“Some of our informants knew her during this time and report that in the student riots Angela defended the Jewish students from attack and on several occasions beat the Aryan students off the steps of the dining hall with a club. She is a rather large, strong peasant type of person who is well able to take an active part,” Langer said of her.

In 1919, Angela was contacted by her stepbrother after a decade of no communication. Adolph Hitler was imprisoned in Landsberg prison and Angela went to see him. This is perhaps the reason why Hitler mentioned only her of his several siblings and half-siblings in Mein Kampf. They became close again and in 1928, Angela and her daughters Geli and Elfriede moved to Hitler’s home Berghof at Obersalzberg. Angela was given the position of a housekeeper, while Geli started living with her uncle in his Munich apartment. She committed suicide in 1931.

Angela disapproved of Hitler’s relationship with Eva Braun and this was probably the reason she moved to Dresden, where she married her second husband, a famous architect Professor Martin Hammitzsch. Angela and Adolph apparently patched things up sometime during the war and he borrowed her some money to relocate from Dresden, as the city was in danger of falling to the Soviet troops in 1945.

Source:ww2gravestone.com

Shortly after the war ended, Martin Hammitzsch committed suicide and Angela moved again, this time to Hannover, where she died from a stroke in 1949.

Source: ww2gravestone.com

The death of Hermann Fegelein, Eva Braun’s brother-in-law

Born on October 30th, 1906, in Ansbach, Hermann Fegelein spent his childhood working in his father’s riding school. He became an excellent equestrian, something that allowed him to rise quickly through the ranks of the Nazi Party.

He joined the party in 1930 and became a member of the SS in 1933. His father’s Reitinstitut Fegelein (Riding Institute Fegelein) became the meeting place for the local SS and young Fegelein was appointed the leader of SS-Reitersturm, SS cavalry unit that was based at the Institute.

He was heavily involved in the preparation of the equestrian disciplines of the 1936 Berlin Olympics. He even tried to compete but never made it past the qualifying round.

When the war started, Fegelein found himself at the head of SS Totenkopf Reiterstandarte (Death’s-Head Horse Regiment), with the rank of SS-Standartenführer (SS equivalent of colonel). His unit was involved in several massacres in Poland committed against civilians. After Poland, Fegelein saw action in Belgium and France.

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In June 1941, Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of Soviet Union, started and Fegelein was again in charge of the SS cavalry regiment. He and his units were the forerunners of the Holocaust and in charge of exterminating entire Jewish communities in Byelorussia. His promotions were often marred with accusations of improper behavior and even theft of military supplies. Himmler himself had to intervene on several occasions to stop investigations that threatened to send Fegelein to prison or even in front of the firing squad.

In 1943, Hermann Fegelein was severely wounded in action while commanding the SS cavalry division. He decided that he had enough of the front and accepted a position in the SS headquarters in Berlin. Himmler also secured him the position of the SS representative in Hitler’s entourage. It was there that he came in contact with Gretl Braun, Eva Braun’s sister. Both Hitler and Eva were eager to find a husband for Gretl, whose promiscuous behavior was becoming damaging to the Nazi leader. Sensing another opportunity, Fegelein volunteered, disregarding the fact that Gretl was pregnant with another man’s baby at the moment of their wedding in June 1944, which was witnessed by Hitler, Himmler, and Martin Borman, Hitler’s powerful secretary.

Unfortunately for Hermann Fegelein, he didn’t get to enjoy his new position too long, as Third Reich was collapsing. Soon, Soviet troops were at the Berlin’s gates and he quickly realized that if he wanted to survive the war, he needed to leave the city. He told his friends he had no desire of joining the suicide pact, referring to Hitler and Eva’s promise to kill each other rather than fall into the hands of the Soviets. His attempt to escape to Sweden, laden with cash and gold, was discovered by his former comrades from the SS and he was brought back to enraged Hitler, who ordered a military tribunal to be convened. The trial was swift and Hermann Fegelein was taken outside the Hitler’s bunker and shot in the head.

Source: ww2gravestone.com

Geli Raubal, Hitler’s first love

When police arrived at Prinzregentenplatz 16 in Munich on the afternoon of the September 23rd, 1931, they found a young woman lying in the pool of her own blood. She was quickly identified as Geli Raubal, Adolph Hitler’s niece. The apartment in Prinzregentenplatz 16 was registered to Hitler and the gun lying next to the dead body was also his.  The rumors of murder after a lovers’ spat started circulating Munich almost immediately.

Angela Maria “Geli” Raubal was a daughter of Adolf’s half-sister, Angela. Her father died when Geli Raubal was three years old. She, together with her mother and brother, moved to Hitler’s Berghof villa near Berchtesgaden in 1928, where Angela started working as a housekeeper. Angela was the only relative Hitler kept in touch with and also the only of his siblings he mentioned in Mein Kampf. Angela was visiting him while he was in prison in the 1920s and it would seem that they kept their relationship cordial afterward. Perhaps this is one of the reasons why Hitler adored Geli.

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Hitler soon took fancy of young Geli and she moved to his apartment in Munich. Although it is unclear whether their relationship was intimate, it was definitely a romantic one. Hitler enjoyed her company and the couple was often seen visiting Munich posh establishment, like restaurants and theaters.

Both Hitler and Geli had a jealous streak and fights were a frequent occurrence in Prinzregentenplatz. Geli was accusing Adolf of having an affair with a 17-year old model named Eva Braun. Hitler, not to be outdone, discovered that Geli was secretly dating his chauffeur, Emil Maurice. After this, Maurice was fired and the relationship ended abruptly.

Source:dirkdeklein.net

While Hitler’s part of the life that includes relationships and intimacy with women remains a mystery to this day, there are some accounts of his activities in this field with Geli Raubal. Wilhelm Stocker, an SA officer, wrote about one of them: ‘She admitted to me that at times Hitler made her do things in the privacy of her room that sickened her but when I asked her why she didn’t refuse to do them she just shrugged and said that she didn’t want to lose him to some woman that would do what he wanted.’

Apparently, living with Hitler proved to be too much for Geli, and she was desperate to regain her freedom. After the Maurice incident, Adolf watched her like a hawk and forbade her visits from her male friends altogether, just to be on the safe side. Geli planned to escape to Vienna and study music there, something Hitler vehemently opposed.

She was never to leave the apartment alone and was always accompanied by either Hitler or a member of his entourage. It was revealed later that she met a man from Linz she wanted to marry, but Hitler put a stop to that as well, trying to keep her all for himself.

On September 18, 1931, Hitler was scheduled to depart for Hamburg, after lunch with Geli. The lunch didn’t go as planned as the two got into an argument, which ended with Adolf storming out of the apartment. Tomorrow morning, he was recalled to Munich, as Geli Raubal’s dead body was discovered. The police ruled it as a suicide, committed with Hitler’s Walther pistol.

Source:abc.net.au

Hitler was devastated and have spent the next few days alone in a house at Tegernsee lake. He didn’t even attend the funeral but did visit the grave two days later.

The grief, however, was short-lived and he continued his relationship with Eva Braun as if nothing happened. Geli’s mother Angela, who was a strong opponent of this relationship, soon left Berghof and moved to Dresden. Hitler never forgave her objections.

Despite the claims made by Hitler’s political opponents, no further investigation into the death of Geli Raubal was made, and it remained officially a suicide. It is worth noting that the first police officer on scene was Heinrich Muller, who took the unfinished letter from Geli’s desk, which never made it to the evidence locker. Muller was later named the chief of the Gestapo and became one of the highest-ranking Third Reich officials.

Incidentally, he is the only senior Nazi official whose fate remains a mystery, as his body or evidence of his death were never found, yet no trace of him after the war was discovered. He was last seen in Hitler’s bunker on May 1st, 1945. After that, he fell off the face of the Earth.

There are several theories claiming that Hitler lost his temper and shot Geli in a fit of rage and left the apartment on September 18th only afterward, to provide an alibi. There is no evidence to support this claim and the fact that a note was found, but never shown to the public makes it highly doubtful one.

Source: historyinanhour.com