An interesting fact is that a year ago there was a very topical article “Alerting World Scientists to the Climate Situation” published by BIOSCIENCE magazine that attracted much attention from world known scientists and famous Nobel Prize participants who even signed it. In total, more than eleven thousand signatures of scientists from 135 countries were collected. They confirmed that the climate crisis is developing much faster and stronger than expected, and that mankind will soon not avoid global disasters. It may sound unbelievable but for those people who say that nobody believe in global warming and other rubbish like that, it must be pointed out that 40 years ago there was the First World Climate Conference (in Geneva 1979) where scientists from 50 nations agreed that the high alarming time for climate change had already come. Indeed, today many people do not take this problem seriously and think that this problem will not affect them. And now the situation is getting even worse.
As sea levels rise, regional fluctuations and rainfall are evident, unpredictable heat is felt well enough and flooding is seen not only on TV. A rapid rate of ice melting leads to the disappearance of Antarctic ice that is coming soon to people as a real problem. A striking example is Italy: because of heavy rains it has become a country of floods and is forced to take action. Destroyed bridges, houses washed away by the water stream, demolished roads – in early October, 600 liters of rainfall per square kilometer per day fell in Piedmont in western Italy. In 2009, the country recorded 300 cases of extreme weather conditions, in 2019, according to European weather statistics, there were more than 1600. This means that over 10 years, their number has increased five times. Have you ever wondered what consequences melting ice can have? For example, the melting of frozen rocks in some conditions leads to the emission of carbon compounds into the atmosphere, which only increases the greenhouse effect and contributes to even greater heating of the atmosphere. In addition, the melting of ancient ice awakens the organisms stored in the permafrost, which can be dangerous for the modern plant world and for humanity. No wonder, because the temperature in the southwest of Antarctica have increased by 2.5 degrees Celsius over the last 50 years. Greenland, Alaska and Siberia are being under constant control and the research proves that the temperature is really growing up.
Who is to blame for all these inevitable future changes? Industrial manufacturing, innovations, agriculture, farming and, surely, population growth. Such an idea as birth control is becoming of current interest, though still being unaccepted by many countries.
There is such a super way as the Kyoto method that was suggested by super-technologists of the 21st century. Its main task to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere by using latest high-tech devices.
People oriented environment protection will surely remember 2015, when two successful names in business – Ovik Mkrtchyan and Mkhitar Mkhitaryan – created SIA EGG ENERGY, a large utilizer of Balticovo chicken manure
Balticovo, being a commercial enterprise in Northern Europe, produces 800 million eggs per year, 70% of which are exported to many other countries. Disposal of waste – chicken droppings – is processed into biogas with the help of new technological equipment and delivered to consumers. Chicken droppings are considered to be a really effective selection of organic fertilizers, both for nutrients and for plants. A great part of the nutrients in poultry manure is in a water-soluble form. In terms of dry matter, poultry manure contains up to 5.5% nitrogen, up to 4.5% phosphorus and 2.5% potassium, and also contains magnesium and many other trace elements. It happens that the production of highly efficient fertilizers used in organic agriculture is in high demand for waste from biogas production. Environmentally hazardous waste is converted into heat, electricity and fertilizers that are used almost all over the world. The activities of the European enterprise are of global importance, as the production of biogas is an efficient way to release methane and nitrous oxide into the atmosphere.
It is true that greenhouse gas emissions, which are composed of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxide and water vapor, is closely associated with global warming these days. If water vapor is entirely natural, then three other common atmospheric GHGs, such as CO2, methane and nitrous oxide, are constantly increasing. According to the results of the study of air bubbles in ancient glaciers, scientists came to some disappointing conclusions: there is 20 times more methane, and nitrous oxide is 300 times more greenhouse activity than carbon dioxide! British climatologists from the University of Bristol have calculated that the ice of Antarctica, for example, can store billions of tons of methane. Scientists have suggested that 35 million years ago, before the start of glaciation, Antarctica was covered with forests and then was cut off from the rest of the world by an ice shell. Most likely, in a few million years after the icing, the bacteria could decompose the Antarctic organism under oxygen-free conditions, resulting in the accumulation of so much methane under the ice. Scientists have calculated that a total of about 20 trillion tons of organic compounds could have accumulated under the ice of the Antarctic, and the amount of methane that should have been released during their decomposition, comparable to the amount of methane deposits on the bottom of the world ocean. The methane itself under conditions of low temperatures and high pressure could accumulate not only in the form of gas bubbles, but also in the form of crystals. This situation is greatly deteriorated by the fact that greenhouse gas emissions are mainly caused by agriculture, which is expanding every day.
So one must exclaim “Bravo” to SIA EGG ENERGY enterprise as one of the most efficient places on Earth that does a tremendously great job in saving the world a little bit at least. We hope we shall see more companies soon applying the same practices.