Commercial greenhouse technology is very important for plant production throughout the year in certain regions. Especially in countries where cold and little sunlight is reached, it is possible to make an artificial environment for plants and to make production throughout the year.
In order to produce high-efficiency production in greenhouses, it is critical that some conditions should be optimum. In a greenhouse, temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, light and plant feeding should be in good conditions. Because plants need the right environment condition to perform their life cycles correctly. For this reason, greenhouses are the most suitable places to create this desired environment.
Especially in cold countries, the sun rays arriving greenhouses in winter are decreasing considerably. In addition, the plastic or glass covers of greenhouses prevent more light energy arriving from the sun. Light energy is very important for the healthy completion of the plants’ photosynthesis cycle. As many greenhouses in the world cannot complete the lack of light, the expected amount of production is not reached. For this reason, greenhouse lighting has begun to gain momentum in recent years.
Traditional Lighting in Greenhouses: HPS-MH
Many of the greenhouses around the world are illuminated by traditional methods. HPS (High-pressure Sodium) and MH (Metal Halide) lamps are used in these lighting systems. However, these systems are no longer popular, because the energy use of these systems is very high. They also turn most of the energy into heat energy, not light energy. Since HPS and MH systems use more energy than LED systems, installation costs are quite high and their lifetime is quite short. Therefore, annual maintenance costs are high because of a short lifespan.
HPS and MH lamps contain spectrum values that plants cannot use efficiently according to LED lamps. This leads to inefficient consumption of energy used. At the same time, the dimmable and spectrum control of conventional lamps eliminates the possibility of efficient lighting.
* Low cost
* Easy supply
* High installation costs
* High energy consumption
* No spectrum control
* No dimmable
* High maintenance costs
New Lighting Technology in Greenhouses: LED Grow Lights
LED technology is not only used in greenhouse lighting but also in many other areas. Because LED technology can use the energy in the best way. For this reason, LED lighting technology has started to replace traditional lamps in greenhouses.
LED Grow Lights are very important to use in the greenhouse because the greenhouse owners who produce plants have to cope with the energy prices. Therefore, the use of high-efficiency products is very important. LED technology can convert most of the electric energy into light, not heat, these aspects are superior to HPS / MH lamps. In addition, they do not contain the spectrum values that the plants cannot use efficiently such as the traditional lamps, and LED technology can make light output at desired wavelength value. On top of that, LED systems can be dimmed, and spectrum control is possible with software technology.
As a result, the lighting strategy that is critical in plant lighting can be made infinitely with LED technology. This offers high-efficiency lighting for greenhouse owners.
* Low energy use
* Long lifespan technology
* Lowest maintenance costs
* Spectrum and dimming control can be done
* Low installation cost
* High cost
As a result, LED Greenhouse Lighting Technology will replace the traditional lighting systems in the future. This change is very important both for high energy savings and for an efficient production process.