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Inventions That Turned the Course of History

Every age in the history of mankind has had its inventors, whose ingenuities have changed the world in which we live today. In this article, we will introduce you to inventions that have drastically changed the world. These are inventions without which life would be unthinkable today.

The Great Inventions Of Mankind

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From the creation of the universe to the present day, strange and complex changes have developed in the human mind. Our species grew and survived despite the collisions in the universe, eruptions of volcanoes and many other changes that mankind has witnessed. And – we have survived to this day when, thanks to the development of thoughts and technical advances, we can at least take a peek into this vast world.

On one side we have humans – on the other is an endless space of the universe that is pressing and luring us with new and undiscovered secrets. What does this mysterious space look like? The future will tell us, but we will remind you of some significant inventions of mankind that have changed the course of our lives forever.

Wheel – The Peer Of Civilization

Source:ancient-origins.net

Wheel development has been slow but steady. Its precursor was a primitive wooden cylinder that made it easier to move when rolled under heavy loads. We can find the earliest proof of the existence of a wheel on the remains of Central Asian cultures (Ur, 2700 BC). Around 1700 BC, the application of the wheel extended to China and Egypt. The first wheels with spokes were reported on the battles of the ancient Romans, around 300 BC. Before its advent in Europe, the Pacific islands were unaware of its existence, and in pre-Columbian America, the wheel principle was known, but they had not developed its application.

Writing Supplies / From Stone To Graphite

Paper

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Tsai Lun was a Chinese inventor, eunuch and prominent figure in the emperor’s court. He is credited with discovering the paper and the process of producing that thin material. According to historical sources, Tsai Lun broke the bark of mulberry wood into fibers and made sheets of paper from them. However, archaeological research indicates that the paper began to be applied about 250 years before Tsai Lun. In the Fangmatan archaeological site in southwestern China’s province of Gansu – a fragment of a 2nd century BC map was found, representing the oldest known piece of paper in the world. Unfortunately, the production formula was not saved. The early pens were stiff. In ancient Mesopotamia, the stylus was used for writing on soft clay tablets. They were partly trapezoid in shape and made of reeds.

Pencil

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The Romans wrote on wax tablets and could erase what they wrote. Ancient Egyptians used chopped reed pens. Over time, people switched to using the feathers of large birds. They were mostly written on materials such as parchment and papyrus. It is only since the 17th century that pens have become more flexible. Finally, the discovery of graffiti triggered pencil writing. The Italian married couple Bernacotti sketched the first pen of this kind in the 16th century. In the early 19th century, sewn pencils with a handle and a special metal part appeared in England.

Plane / Realization Of Ancient Dream

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Ancient Greek scientist Archytas built a bird-shaped aircraft in the 4th century BC that reportedly flew 200 m! And in his piece “Codex on the flight of birds,” Leonardo da Vinci portrayed and designed the aircraft. In ancient times, humans tried to imitate bird flight by placing artificial wings on a machine. English inventor and engineer George Cayley built a glider in 1853 that was able to carry passengers and laid the foundations for the creation of the aircraft. It was a fixed-wing aircraft, with a propulsion system and control surface.

The first glider flight was made by Frenchman Jean-Marie Le Bris, a few years later. And at the end of the 19th century, there were more short-term flights and more and more enthusiasts who wanted to be the inventors of what later became the airplane. Some of them paid that price with their own life. Finally, the brothers from Ohio, Wilbur and Orville Wright made the first internationally recognized controlled and steady flight on December 17, 1903.

The Discovery of Electricity – War Of The Currents

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Serbian scientist Nikola Tesla was a scientist whose brilliance enabled today’s modern life. We couldn’t imagine life today without power supply or mass communication systems. His enemy and former boss, Thomas Edison, was also a famous American inventor. These two divided scientists waged the so-called “War of the currents”  because of electrical systems that were meant to supply the world with electricity. Tesla advocated an AC system and Edison one-way. Tesla’s ideas often represented inventions for which there was no space on the market in those times.

He has also worked for years on a system of wireless transmitting of voice, images or moving pictures. That laid the foundation for many of the later inventions we use today (the radio, TV, mobile phones). Still, Tesla was not a good businessman, which could not be said for Edison.

Edison’s Legacy – Inventions And Good Business

Source:zmescience.com

Edison’s enduring legacy lies not in just one patent or technology – but in factories of innovation – claimed some historians and scientists. Specifically, Edison timely assessed the importance of patenting the invention. Therefore, every invention that came from his company was patented and well protected. The importance of patenting is still of great importance today, claim the companies involved in this business. Today, companies like Invent help are here to provide inventors with real support in patenting and subsequently branding their inventions. If you are the inventor and want to know how to protect your patent – click here.

Given that every new invention has to pass rigorous controls and require extensive research – the existence of such companies today greatly facilitates the situation for some new scientists who are facing the problem of market breakthroughs.

Car / World On The Wheels

Source:mercedes-benz-publicarchive.com

A car usually means a motor vehicle on wheels that is used to transport people and goods. The year of birth of the modern car is 1886 when the German inventor Karl Benz patented his patent Patent-Motorwagen. Cars have entered mass use in the 20th century and today we cannot imagine life without them. As time went on, cars became more and more complex: they were getting more modern equipment and increasingly complex control functions, which made them not only more comfortable but also safer, and the controls were easier to operate.

Computer / Instead Of The Human Brain

Source:thoughtco.com

A computer is a complex device used to perform mathematical operations or control operations that can be expressed in numerical or logical form. They are made up of components that perform simpler, more clearly defined functions. The complex interaction of these components results in the ability of a computer to process information. The computers we know today originated in the mid-20th century, though the roots of computing are much older.

Modern Computers

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The capabilities of modern computers based on integrated circuits are millions or billions of times greater than early machines and take up little space to accommodate them. Simple computers are small enough to accommodate mobile devices with small batteries that can power them. Personal computers in various forms are what most people consider “computers”. However, integrated computers are present in many devices, ranging from MP3 players to fighter jets, from toys to industrial robots.

Internet

Source:activistpost.com

A network of computers that cover the entire planet, allows people to access all information, anywhere in the world. It would be unnecessary to write what the internet allows, it may not matter as the wheel, but it is certainly one of the greatest inventions ever. The first idea about the Internet was presented by Nikola Tesla, who envisaged the use of the Internet and its benefits.


Peter is a freelance writer with more than eight years of experience covering topics in politics. He was one of the guys that were here when the foreignpolicyi.org started.

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