Several greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, contribute to global warming by trapping heat in the atmosphere. It leads to climate change over time, which further results in glacier melting, surging sea levels, and more intense hurricanes and wildfires.
There are many ways to reduce global warming, but gardening or gardeners can help greatly. Growing even a few plants, bushes, and trees in your home’s backyard can assist to counteract this impact as they absorb carbon dioxide. This small change can lead to a big difference in reducing the effect of global warming.
Top 9 Ways Gardeners Can Help In Saving The Planet From Climate Change And Global Warming
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Planting trees will assist to lower carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere as they use photosynthesis to catch carbon dioxide from the air during the day. Planting trees does not imply that you will lose room in your backyard to grow food. Even growing fruit trees or vegetables can help combat climate change and global warming.
You can plant fruit trees on tiny or hindering rootstocks and equip them to stay manageable in your yard along with producing multi-grafted trees that yield multiple varieties on various branches. It is also better to grow trees following the guilds permaculture technique and surround them with edible or medicinal plants.
The earth benefits from plant roots as well. Plant roots help bind the soil together, preventing it from washing away after heavy rains. According to a report, widespread root systems keep topsoil from scurrying around in case of heavy downpours or floods. You will be able to conserve additional soil on your property if you have extensive root systems.
Plant roots can also help the soil retain moisture and nutrients. It is best to plant annuals as they wither and decompose each year and become nutrients that subsequent plants can use in the next season. It minimizes the amount of soil used and improves overall health.
Lessening the use of fertilizers
Nitrous oxide is formed when nitrogenous fertilizers decompose in the soil, which contributes significantly to global warming. As a global warming gas, nitrous oxide is 300 times more strong compared to carbon dioxide and 10 times more than methane. The majority of these fertilizers are scattered to cropland as synthetic goods and manures.
In addition, nitrous oxide is also created by wastewater treatment, chemical business, and fossil fuel combustion. Because of that, it is to reduce the use of fertilizers in agriculture. If possible, it would be best to completely stop using these harmful fertilizers.
In order to conserve ways, install a drip irrigation system, obtain rainwater in rain containers, and enhance the soil’s water-holding capacity by amending it with compost. It is also best to grow drought-tolerant perennial plants and fill in the soil with mulch.
Global warming and climate change can result in more frequent downpour events and floods. By building a rain garden, vegetated buffer, or swale, you can help to slow down the flow of surplus water, soak them, and decrease erosion. You can also utilize rain barrels to collect rainwater and stock for further use.
According to research, scraps, and yard garbage fill 30 percent of landfills. Although plenty of this yard waste is natural, it emits methane when it accumulates in landfills, which is a dangerous greenhouse gas that increases global warming. Since decomposition takes place in the scarcity of oxygen, throwing organic waste in a landfill generates methane.
Composting, mulching, or recycling it, minimizes methane output. Even though aerobic composting generates some carbon dioxide in your compost heap, applying the completed product to soil helps it retain carbon while boosting fertility.
Biochar is a type of charcoal made by burning plant matter when there is no oxygen. Instead of discharging carbon dioxide into the atmosphere through natural decay procedures, it produces a stable form of carbon. Due to this, it is a popular method and aid plant growth. Add it to the soil as it enhances its structure, assists in water retention, and offer a surface for effective soil microorganisms and fungi that aid plant nutrient absorption.
In order to minimize carbon emissions, it is best to use integrated pest management approaches to prevent insects and weeds instead of manufactured products. These alternative options reduce the need for products that need high-energy, carbon-emitting manufacturing and transportation procedures.
Growing vegetables and fruits for daily consumption
Planting and growing your organic food reduces emissions and curtails the amount of fuel consumed in the import, export, and transportation of goods. You can begin with producing your own veggies, herbs, and fruit in the garden. It is better to start eating seasonally and freeze the food you don’t consume right away.
Understand intensive gardening techniques so you can grow as much food as possible in the space you have. The ideal way to cultivate your own food is in an organic garden. However, if you can not plant them and grow them, it is best to buy fruits and vegetables locally at a farmer’s market or in a store that has a local produce department.
Boost biodiversity and grow native plants
When it comes to dealing with pest and disease threats in a changing climate, lands with additional plant diversity are the best. Native plants use less water and fertilizer, give food and shelter, aid with carbon storage, and reduce soil erosion. Having diverse plants in your garden will attract more pollinators and beneficial insects.
Avoid using gas-powered garden tools
It is better to limit the use of gas-powered lawn and garden tools. Petrol-powered lawnmowers, mowers, and hedge clippers are a few worst CO2 emitters. Rather than using a leaf blower, utilize a rake or broom. Get a reel mower or a rechargeable electric mower than a gas mower for tiny lawn spaces. Though electric tools are comparatively better, it is best to trade them with manual tools.
We have listed all the best ways a gardener can help in reducing the effect of global warming and climate change. If you have a backyard, lawn, or garden, it is best to follow the above-mentioned methods.