Health - Page 35

Legionella risk assessment

Legionella is a type of bacteria typically found in water. Perfect temperature for their growth is around 20 to 45oC. Legionella can’t survive temperatures over 60oC. Disease caused by this type of bacteria is called Legionnaires’ disease, and it’s a potentially fatal type of pneumonia. It can be contacted by inhaling the droplets of contaminated water. Most commonly the ones who develop this disease are smokers, elderly, alcoholics and those who have cancer. However, the truth is anyone can develop it.

The source of those contaminated droplets can be different, cold and hot water outlets, air conditioning plants, whirlpools, atomisers or hydrotherapy baths.

Any workplace that has: a cooling tower, cooling systems, hot and cold water systems, humidifiers, emergency showers, indoor ornamental fountains, and similar, is at risk of exposure.
Technically, any water system where the temperature of the water is between 20-45oC, or if it can spread droplets, re-circulate water, or it might contain some source of food for the bacteria, is at risk of being contaminated by Legionella.

The landlord, owner or an employer, or whoever is in charge of the premises that are at risk of contamination, has to understand the health risk and know how to manage it. The framework of actions that should be taken in order to prevent or control the risk is offered by Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH).

The first step is identifying and assessing the source of the risk. It’s possible for the legionella risk assessment to be done by owners or employers in some cases, but in others, it’s advisable for them to call for advice from consultancies or perhaps from someone from within the organization.
The person in charge of managing risks should be able to understand the water systems and the equipment that comes with them, meaning all sorts of pumps, heat exchangers, etc.
Some things have to be checked in order to see how likely they are to create risk from exposure to Legionella. That means checking: the temperature of the water; is the water being re-circulated; are there any nutrients in the water that bacteria might use; are water droplets being produced.

The risk assessment includes making sure that the staff is trained and competent to detect if there is a risk of exposure. Also, the water systems should be regularly monitored and responsibly maintained. Any monitoring results should be recorded, as well as the time of the last inspection.
The job is complete when the owner, or the person in charge, concludes that the risk of exposure is reduced to a minimum. The appointed responsible person can act alone, or it can be more people acting together. The owner might choose to bring in someone from outside the organization, but the competent person is still required for making sure that the treatment is being carried out well.

When the source of risk is detected, certain steps should be taken. Firstly, the course of action should be introduced and the control measures implemented. Deciding what the safest and the most effective solution is, is crucial. After the risk is nullified, regular checkups are in order.

Pregnancy Symptoms Before Missed Period

Perhaps the biggest and most important sign of pregnancy is missed period. Even though the cause of that could also be stress or anxiety, maybe some medical condition even, the first thing that pops in the minds of all women everywhere, is pregnancy. However, there are also other symptoms to look out for. So here are a few bigger ones.


Most call it morning sickness, but the fact is it may occur at any time of the day. Still, the cause for nausea during pregnancy isn’t known, but it almost certainly has to do something with all the hormonal changes. It’s speculated that the HCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin) is the potential culprit.
This symptom occurs in the early stages, that is, in the first few weeks after conceiving. The dizziness and the need to throw up are not at all pleasant.
What follows are the cravings and the food aversions. What used to be a woman’s favorite food is what now can make her want to throw up. Fortunately, the symptoms subside in a matter of weeks.

Sore and heavy breasts

Women may feel that their breasts are sore often during PMS. So, it can be difficult to distinguish what the real cause is. What might help is watching out for darkened areolas. That is not something that happens during PMS, so it can be a sign of pregnancy.

More frequent urination.

A couple of weeks after conception, women start to notice that they are running to the bathroom more often. The reason for this might be the elevated progesterone levels. Progesterone affects the kidneys and gives them a sign to start filtering more blood and produce more urine as a preparation for the upcoming baby.
Later on, when the fetus gets bigger, it will start pushing against your bladder.

Bloating, constipation and diarrhea.

Bloating is also the symptom of PMS, and it can be mistaken as a pregnancy symptom. The bloating happens, again, because of the higher progesterone levels. This hormone slows down the digestion and leaves you feeling like a balloon.
Because of the same reason, constipation can occur. And yet, sometimes diarrhea follows. It’s safe to say you are going to experience some digestive problems along the way.

Headaches and mood swings.

Frequent headaches early in the pregnancy are a common thing. These can occur due to many different factors like fatigue, hunger, hormonal changes, etc. A lot of sleep can help, so there’s a good excuse to spend a few more hours in bed. You’re growing another human inside of you, after all.

Mood swings.

These are very common and very normal. Levels of a couple of hormones are rapidly changing in your body, so mood swings are sort of inevitable. You can go from crying to laughing in the matter of moments, so these mood swings can certainly exhaust you and give you those already mentioned headaches. It’s important that the ones closest to you understand you and are there to help.

Clearer skin.

So here is good news. If you usually have problems with acne and pimples, the pregnancy is time for your skin to shine. Hormones will, in all likelihood, have an amazing effect on your skin. This symptom can be observed in the first couple of weeks.

Excessive thirst and metallic taste in the mouth.

Another human in your body demands water and blood. That will require you to drink more water in order to sustain another life. Not really surprising, is it?
The metallic taste in the mouth, on the other hand, isn’t really something you would expect. This is called dysgeusia, and it refers to changes in taste. It’s typically worse in the first semester, and it gets better later on. It’s considered benign, and it’s normal during pregnancy, but since it can also be a symptom of diabetes, gingivitis of kidney disease, it’s best to consult a doctor.

Tips For An Effective Night’s Sleep

Sleeping is one of the staples in our everyday routine, and we are sure to do it for the rest of our lives, but do we get the most out of it? It seems like we do not get the importance of a good night’s sleep. We know we should, but do not really follow through. And the advantages are numerous. According to, sleep phases and the effect of the process on your whole body have a point of major researchers for the past few decades. Surely, there is a lot more to discover, but for now, there are more than a few important facts we know, and we should use to the best of our ability.

First of all, we know that sleep is a period of being less active, where your whole body is in a recovering process, with your body temperature and blood pressure dropping, and you being less reactive to the all external stimuli around you. Still, unlike coma or for example hibernation it is still a state of consciousness that is pretty easy to interrupt, and that is why it is important to get the most out of your sleep while you are in there.

The Risks Of Not Sleeping Well Enough

Be sure that your brain is the organ that suffers the most if you don’t get enough quality sleep time, and is a follow-up to various other medical conditions. As your brain runs on chemical energy, it also has waste products that need to be cleaned out so that everything runs smoothly. And sleep is the period when that happens: no sleep, waste products, and toxins stay in (ATP, the energy your brain uses needs to be replenished). While a few days of shaken sleep routine may not harm you, years of it certainly will. Studies claim that you are at a greater risk of developing conditions such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease, along with type 2 diabetes, obesity, and hypertension increased risks. This also affects your daily routine in a way that it is much harder to focus and concentrate, you are more edgy, with less patience and worse coordination. It is perfectly clear that without good sleep, all aspects of your life will suffer. Following health advice, like for example, Healthy Howard offers for its community, can aid you in forming a better routine.

Tips For A Better Sleep
  1. First and foremost, things you ingest in your body do affect the way your body functions during the day and the night, so take that to your advantage. While kicking yourself up with doses of caffeine such is Vivarin Gum, might seem like a good idea to wake yourself up and start the day, it might not be the best at night’s time. As it is a stimulant, the same as nicotine, you should avoid it at least a few hours before your bedtime. The same goes for alcohol, as while it may help you fall asleep, it is going to start working as a stimulant a few hours after, and that’s where the problems start. So be sure to limit it as well.


  1. The more stimulative your bedroom is, the harder it is going to be for you to fall asleep. Saying this, try to create a sleepy environment, by turning off any type of device (TV, computer, phone), and creating a cool, soundless, dark environment (like bats sleep in).


  1. Try to calm yourself down before going to sleep. By lightly exercising (fitness, yoga), instead of having arguments and raising your blood pressure, you are going to be sure to fall asleep more easily.
  1. Stop watching at the clock. It is only making you more stressed. Instead try to relax yourself if nothing else by reading a book or listen to light music, until you fall asleep.


  1. Cut on your naps. Napping during the day though it might seem like a good option, don’t do you any good for the night’s sleep. Occasional naps of 20 minutes might be good to reset yourself, but if it becomes a habit, you are switching day for night, and that shortly becomes a problem.


  1. While we mentioned the power of exercising before sleep, we were mainly aiming for light ones like yoga or aerobics. Any type of cardio engaging sports or weights will just raise you up and act as a stimulant. So go and exercise during the day or at least a few hours before.


  1. Be careful about your fluid intake. While water is a must, and you should drink it as much as you need, don’t overdo it just before bedtime as raising from the bed 10 times in an hour doesn’t help much.


  1. Also, take care of what you eat before bed. As multiple research results claim the fattier the meal is, the harder will it be for you to get a good night’s sleep. It’s simple, your digestive system works harder, which can in terms lead to indigestion and insomnia. Light meals an hour before do a magic trick.


  1. In the end, stick to your sleeping schedule every day. If you decided that you go to bed at 11 PM, and wake up at 6 AM, don’t change that day by day no matter what happens. This is the way of creating a habit and starting every morning brand new.


You can see there is nothing hard about getting a good night’s sleep, and yet it is so important. Put other things aside for a moment, and invest yourself into a good rest, as it certainly pays off!

Do you want to get rid of fat?

There are many people that would love to have perfect bodies and get rid of fat. The process of burning fat and getting your body fit is not easy at all, and everyone that has tried to do it knows this. It doesn’t matter if you have love handles or belly pooch, it is difficult. You can eat healthily and exercise a lot. You need to commit yourself to work out and losing fat. If it’s impossible for you to do it, you can have surgery. But no one wants that kind of invasive procedure. If you want something different, then you should think about losing your fat with CoolSculpting NYC.

If you decide to try CoolSculpting NYC, you will be very happy, because fat cells are eliminated in an easy way. And you need to know that you can get the same results with this technique and with diet and exercise.

Why should you try this?

First of all other procedures that are invasive, use laser and surgery to remove your excess and that way they destroy your tissue by shattering and burning it, and you don’t want to destroy your body. Another thing that is not good is that you need some time to recover from this kind of procedures, and no one has time for that.

CoolSculpting is cool because it doesn’t burn or extract your cells and it doesn’t destroy your body. It is developed by Harvard scientist, and it is FDA approved. You are now probably asking yourself, how does it work then? This procedure uses a targeted cooling process that kills the fat cells underneath the skin. That means it freezes them until they are totally eliminated. The good thing about this procedure is that your skin cells are not touched, and they stay healthy. Because no knives are used or any kind of needles, there are no scars after this procedure, and you don’t need to have a long and painful recovery.

When the fat cells are frozen, they are naturally eliminated from the body. It may take a little longer, because the elimination process lasts a couple of months, but when those months pass by, you don’t have any more fat. You can enjoy in your new and fit body, and you can be happy about yourself again.

You don’t need to clear your schedule for this procedure, and you don’t need to take some time off work. It takes very little time, and you can easily find some spare time in your day to do this. You will see some results after the first treatment, which lasts an hour. But the real results will come after a few months. You don’t need to be scared off with this amount of time, because that is how much your body needs to get rid of all that excess fat.

After some time, you will fall in love with your body again. You will look good in your clothes, and you will feel better. When you lose the fat, you won’t need additional appointments, as long as you exercise and have a normal diet. So that means that you will need to eat healthily and go to the gym, but you will not have to torture yourself.

So to summarise everything, you should try this treatment if you don’t like the way you look, you want to look good in your clothes, and you want to feel good in your body, but you don’t want to harm your body with invasive procedures.

Look 15 Years Younger With These Anti-Aging Products

Proven by thousands of reviews, these 7 products are the best Amazon has to offer when it comes to anti-aging, and interestingly three of them come from the same brand.

If you are interested in trying out some anti-aging products, look no further than for the most anti-aging products on this website. When it comes to skin-care, it is smart to buy products that have already been tried out and that people enjoy. Considering that these products have more than 8,000 five-star ratings combined, it is fair to say that is a safe bet to take.

When it comes to ingredients that are often featured in many of these products a big one is hyaluronic acid. For those who are not familiar with it, this substance naturally hydrates your skin and is very good at keeping the moisture in. Other ones are Vitamins C and E, retinol (known for being good for skin cell turnover) and other natural extracts.

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Since all of these serums, creams, and moisturizers have specific purposes, it is always good to know what you are looking for and to read up on the ingredients in case you have sensitive skin. Another great way to help you decide on the product is to read user reviews and see what other people’s experiences were. All this being said, you should keep in mind that seeing results will take time and it might take a few tries to find the right product for you.

And now we present the best Amazon has to offer in the realm of anti-aging.

1. KollagenIntensiv

More than 3,000 positive reviews make this moisturizer a worthy contender. Less fine lines, a more glowy and dewy skin, reduction of dark spots are just some of the things that can be read in the 5-star reviews of this products.

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2. TruSkin Vitamin C Serum

This is a natural ingredient, plant-based product filled with aloe, witch hazel and jojoba oil which means there is no additives or fragrances. Hyaluronic acid and Vitamin C are there to do their collagen boosting magic and make you look younger, and the 8,000 5-star reviews suggest that they do. This one is available for $20.

3. Amara Organics Advanced Age-Defying Moisturizer

Many of the positive reviews for this moisturizer note diminished wrinkles, less under eye bags and smooth skin, so it is no surprise that this long-lasting, easily absorbed product, was “Amazon’s Choice.” One customer even said that there was no need for using another anti-aging product for six months after this one. You can buy it for $21.

4. Active Wow Youth Enhancing Eye Gel

The green tea and aloe infused, lightweight formulation of this product gives your under eye area a lovely soothing sensation. Satisfied customers have said that this product left their face looking fresh and bright-eyed even if they had barely slept the night before. At only $15 it is the cheapest on our list.

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5. Amara Organics Vitamins C Serum

Yet another Amara Organics’ product that is a best seller and also listed as “Amazon’s Choice.”  84% of its reviews are either 4 or 5 stars. Many happy customers report better skin tones, fewer breakouts, and fading of dark spots. You can try it out for $17.

6. Amara Organics Retinol Cream

Who would have guessed it? Another Amara product. Filled with retinol, hyaluronic acid, Vitamins E and B5 this product has thousands of content users that swear by it and say it gave them many skin benefits like fewer lines, clear skin and also helped with acne problems. You can buy this one for $19.

7. Phytoceramides Anti-Aging and Skin Rejuvenation Supplement

Amazing combination with 350mg of plant-based Phytoceramides plus 100% of Vitamins A, C and D.

Phytoceramides are the plant-derived equivalent of ceramides, also known as lipids, which form part of the outer layer of the skin. Ceramides help your skin to replenish the diminishing levels of ceramides present in skin cell membranes and restore its healthy texture. Ceramides and 100% of antioxidant vitamins together help reverse the signs of aging by getting rid of old dead layers of skin allowing new, younger layers to replace them.

Natural phytoceramides with added antioxidant vitamins is available at Tallwell Nutrition now.

The Health Hazards of Gaming Dissected

Video games are one of the modern era’s most popular forms of entertainment and will become even more dominant in the years to come. Kids love them, adults play them, and the tech industry makes a mean buck off of them. But like everything technology related, they can easily be abused, becoming a serious health hazard. According to the Independent, two Nintendo Wii users suffered from a stroke after playing a Wii exercise game. Reports of people dying after gaming binges at internet cafes are also becoming more frequent.

So what’s going on? Gaming is supposed to provide entertainment and a nice respite from reality, not cause injuries and even deaths. In this report we explore the major potential health hazards of gaming in the 21st century for any serious gamer out there to consider and take into account. It’s not meant to scare you away from gaming altogether, but rather, to start exercising moderation and balance gaming with other forms of relaxation.

Health Hazard #1: Physical and Musculoskeletal Diseases

Playing video games usually means sitting in front of a screen for hours on end. Needless to say, that’s not good for your body. As such, gaming can result in an array of physical ailments.

Musculoskeletal Diseases

Musculoskeletal Diseases such as carpal tunnel syndrome and tendinitis have risen to become one of the most common side effects of playing video games. Some of these ailments are even  named after the gaming devices which cause them, such as:

  1. ‘Playstation thumb’: Refers to the numbness and the blisters that appear on the player’s thumb due to friction between the thumb and controller.
  2. ‘Nintedonitis’: Refers to a tendon injury in the wrist, which is a result of extended use of the Nintendo.
  3. The ‘Wii fracture’: Refers to the fracture at the base of the fifth metatarsal, which is a result of using the Wii balance board.

Carpal tunnel syndrome has also been linked to excessive gaming, according to one study. A mouse with good ergonomic design may be helpful (for PC gamers), though it will never replace taking frequent breaks between gaming sessions.

Back and neck pain:

According to physical therapist Sadia Vanjara, there has been a sharp rise in the number of children who experience chronic neck, back and shoulder pain due to gaming. Children have a habit of bending over their devices for hours on end, which also limits the amount of time that they spend running around and exercising their body. Poor posture and bodily pain at a young age can translate into debilitating conditions later on in life.


Studies have linked obesity amongst people to gaming; suggesting that anyone who spends less than 1.5 hrs in front of their gaming consoles is 75.4% less likely to suffer from obesity. In other words, the more time you spend gaming, the less likely you are to exercise, and more likely you will suffer from obesity in your life.

Health Hazard #2: Gaming Addiction

If there’s still any doubt that video games can be addictive, consider the fact that the condition has just been included in the World Health Organisation’s Classification of Diseases. The medical term for this health hazard is ‘Gaming disorder’ as listed on the WHO’s‘11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11)’.

Video game addiction overtime severely reduce the player’s ability to remain attentive and focus in the real world. According to the telegraph, playing ‘shooter games’ can damage your ‘hippocampus’ and cause you to lose brain cells. This addiction is fuelled by a need to complete the game, to win the rewards and the ability of the game to generate emotions in the players. Symptoms of gaming disorder can include:

  1. Irritability
  2. Anxiety
  3. Anger management issues
  4. Depression
  5. Neuroticism
  6. Apathy

The problem is that the negative emotions and effects of gaming addiction aren’t limited to just the time while you play the game – it also impairs your ability to function even after you put down your game controls. Like most addictions, it can seriously affect your work and social life if left unchecked.

Health Hazard #3: Prolonged blue light exposure

Whether you’re playing on the computer, console, or even smartphone, there is an invisible enemy slowly killing your eyes. The name of the enemy? Blue light.

Virtually all electronic screens emit blue light, which is a shortwave length light that is high energy, and unfortunately detrimental to your eyes with prolonged exposure. It causes everything from eye fatigue, dry eyes, disruption of your sleep, to even macular degeneration where you can go blind as the blue light slowly destroys the photoreceptor cells in the back of your eyes.

The best way to protect your eyes from blue light is to moderate the amount of time you spend in front of the screen. Gaming glasses that filter out blue light can also be effective in protecting your eyes, though they don’t mitigate the other hazards mentioned with gaming.

In conclusion…

The point of this article isn’t to dissuade you from gaming altogether. Like all forms of entertainment, moderate gaming is a great way to relax and unwind from everyday life. However, there is little doubt that prolonged gaming does come with substantial health risks that all serious gamers must take into account.

The effects of gaming can be mitigated by limiting the amount of time spent in front of video game consoles, as well as ensuring that your posture is correct, that you take frequent breaks to rest your wrists and fingers, and that you balance it with a good exercise regime. It’s also important to not allow gaming to become your reality, by always prioritizing real-life relationships and social interaction over those occurring inside your screen.

You Aren’t Alone: Dealing With Mental Health Issues At Work

Dealing with the stress of a full-time job can be difficult for anyone. If you are suffering from a mental health condition, however, it can be even more challenging.

Below, we take a closer look at how to address issues like anxiety and depression in the workplace, including tips on how to bring up the subject with your coworkers and your boss. Even more importantly, we also provide information on what steps to take if you are discriminated against because of a mental health condition.

You Aren’t Alone

The Mental Health Foundation recently published some statistics that you may find rather eye-opening.

* Mental health problems affect one out of every six adults.

* As much as 10% of the population will suffer from depression at some point during their life.

* Approximately 8% of people experience both depression and anxiety at the same time.

Unfortunately, mental health issues are often considered to be off limits when it comes to discussing them at work. You may be hesitant to talk about these problems because you don’t want your boss to view you differently or because you are worried about discrimination. You shouldn’t suffer in silence, however. It is important to talk about these problems so that you can get the help that you need. They can impact you at work and also at home. One of the best things in such situation is to speak with specialist in this filed, such as those at BetterHelp.

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Understand Your Rights

You may find it easier to talk about something so personal in the workplace by taking a practical approach. For instance, you may want to try suggesting changes that would help you deal more effectively with your condition. As an example, if you are currently working in a full-time position, you may ask to be moved to a part-time role so that you have a little less stress. If that is impractical, you could try asking if you could work remotely from your home a couple of days each week. Being able to offer suggestions on how to solve the problem can make discussing the issue with your boss a little bit easier.

Ideally, you should discuss the problem with your manager first. If that is too intimidating, you can also bring it up with your company’s Human Resources department. It is usually best to start with your direct manager, however.

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Caring For Yourself

There are a lot of ways that you can support your mental health. For instance, studies have shown that being mindful, exercising regularly, and challenging yourself to learn new things can all benefit your outlook on life. Similarly, maintaining a good balance between your home life and your work life can also help you deal more effectively with mental health conditions.

Building strong social connections with your coworkers and helping other people are also both good strategies to use if you want to start feeling better. When you are on good terms with your colleagues, you can help support each other during difficult times.

Breaking Down The Walls Around Mental Health Issues In The Workplace

It is important to talk openly about mental health problems at work rather than silently suffering. Even though your job is important, your mental health and well-being are, as well. The more willing people are to talk about these problems at work, the less taboo they will become. This, in turn, can lead to better working conditions for everyone.

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