Education - Page 2

How Do You Defend A Dissertation for A PH.D.?

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Are you preparing to defend your dissertation for Ph.D. and wondering how to go about it? This article will show you how to prepare and defend the best dissertation you’ve written before your examiners.

After the rigorous process of writing your Ph.D. thesis for months and submitting it, it is time to defend all that you’ve researched. This evaluation is done before a committee of internal and external experts on the subject area you’ve examined.

According to dissertationteam.com, an excellent dissertation for Ph.D. will always win the heart of examiners and satisfy their thorough critiquing during the defense. Read on to discover how to successfully defend your dissertation and win the hearts of your examiners.

Defending Your Ph.D. Dissertation

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Long before you chose your research topic, you already had an idea that you will one day stand to defend your research thesis before a committee.

Jittery feelings might set in, especially when you don’t know what to expect defending a Ph.D. dissertation. Thorough knowledge of what’s required and ample preparation before the actual defense will help you to ace your Ph.D. dissertation defense.

After the submission of your thesis, a date is often picked for you to defend it at an oral examination or viva, as it is commonly called. At this point, there’s nothing to panic about, as it is the point where you discuss all the exciting new things writing your dissertation helped you discover.

Of course, it is not about showing off, as your examining committee is usually made up of those with more expertise than you do. It’s only an avenue to be open-minded and also glean from their contributions and critiquing of your discoveries.

Mode of Defense for a Ph.D. Dissertation

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The mode of defending a Ph.D. thesis may vary by country or institution. In some institutions or countries, the Ph.D. defense is carried out as a public lecture or address, where your audience and examiners ask questions as relating to your research.

In other places like the UK, the defense is done indoors with a minimum of two examiners who are often experts in your area of research. An external examiner is often invited, while your project supervisor might be somewhere observing the entire process.

Things to Note during your Ph.D. Dissertation Defense

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It is of significant importance to highlight what makes your dissertation relevant and the limitations of the research. The strength of your research will help you to have good points to work with while mentioning its flaws and weaknesses will help to put things in perspective.

Defending your thesis is your opportunity to prove to your faculty that you’ve got a good knowledge of your subject area. It’s normal to expect questions from your examining committee. It enables them to test how much of the subject matter you’ve grasped during your study.

It is critical to expect questions that will make you think well, as they won’t be lifted word for word from your thesis on most occasions. Instead, they will lead you to examine your thesis critically and to see how it solves the problems the question poses.

During your viva, you might have criticisms from examiners that may seem personal. It’s best to understand that it’s a normal part of the viva process. No matter how you feel attached to your dissertation, don’t take criticisms as an attack on your personality, but as part of your constructive learning process.

Do your best to respond to questions as calmly and confidently as possible. Doing otherwise might get you more off-balance than you planned to be.

When you’re asked questions, don’t rush to answer them, especially if it seems ambiguous. Do not hesitate to ask them to repeat the question before attempting to answer it. But through it, stay calm and relaxed.

You may need to engage your examiners in some form of dialogue while defending. You can be asked to talk about how your research work relates to some other researches in your field.

It’s okay to refer to your notes occasionally. You won’t be reciting all of your thesis off hand. It’s essential to admit when you’re not sure of the answer to questions you’re asked. Don’t be shy to share your opinions on the thesis during your viva.

Your defense is a necessary formality for graduation, so it’s as crucial as writing the thesis. Most defenses take a minimum of 20 minutes, and others may have a maximum of an hour or more.

It’s essential to look your best during your thesis, as it gives you a gradable professional look.

How to Prepare for your Ph.D. Dissertation

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Writing your dissertation doesn’t mark the end of your workload. You need to put as much effort into defending your thesis, as you did when writing and researching it.

There are basic things to note when you’re preparing to defend your Ph.D. thesis. These include:

  • Use Available Resources to Prepare for your Viva

You may have the opportunity to take courses that entails the preparation for your viva in your institutions. Taking them seriously will help you gain a good ground before the day of your actual defense.

  • Prepare your Defense Slides in Good Time

It can be a little time to prepare, and leaving it till the last minute might be risky for your mental alertness. So, prepare it in a good time.

  • Have a Copy of your Thesis

You should have a copy of your thesis with extra side notes in it to help you during your defense. Having your thesis with these notes helps you to pick up points faster, and recollect something you might have missed in the heat of the viva.

  • Practice Possible Questions

8 Reasons to Study in Australia

Australia is one of the countries with the best education in the world. As an international student in Australia, you will have the opportunity to experience advanced and modern education. If you are wondering whether to choose Australia as a country to study abroad or not, read these 8 reasons to make the best decision:

1. The world-class education system and prestigious universities

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The Australian education system is known for its high quality, always regulated by the federal government. With the goal of training quality always being an important factor in the development criteria, the Australian government regularly adjusts all universities each year to ensure they maintain those educational standards. 15 Nobel prizes belonged to Australians, the inventions of Penicillin, Wi-Fi, cervical cancer vaccine, in vitro fertilization, ultrasound, black box, etc. are clear proof of the achievements of the best education in the world.

The teaching method in Australia always encourages students to think independently and think innovatively. Combined with a comprehensive education system and a diverse culture, international students will have many opportunities to expand their knowledge and job opportunities after completing their studies.

Australia is a country with many globally renowned universities. The University of Melbourne, the University of Sydney and the Australian National University are the most prestigious universities in this country. In addition, degrees from Australian universities are recognized around the world. Go to CatEight.com to find more universities in Australia and get the detailed info of each course.

2. The degree is recognized globally

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By studying in Australia, you will receive a qualification that is recognized and sought around the world. The Australian Qualifications Framework allows students to easily navigate the education system here and provides an easy way for countries around the world to recognize your degree.
It is also important to mention that Australian universities promote hands-on learning and offer students many opportunities to engage in research. This country is a leader in adopting new technologies and it has a significant place in history as a country of origin of many great discoveries.

3. English is a common language

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Study programs in Australia are mainly taught in English, and this is one of the advantages if you want to improve your English skills. You can study and mingle with people and friends in this country. New friends will introduce you to their country’s culture. You will learn more interesting things in your study abroad journey and also improve your English skills.

4. The climate is unique and pleasant

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Besides the quality of education, Australia is also known for its beautiful landmarks and unique climate. Worries about cold weather in winter will disappear if you study in Australia because most of the country is located in the tropics. Most major cities are located in the coastal area, with average temperatures around 20ºC in winter. The coldest places in Australia that need to be mentioned are Canberra and Tasmania, where the temperature in winter goes from 3ºC to 16ºC. Unlike other places, Australians often enjoy in winter with many unique activities, such as the Alpine winter festival, A Little Night Music held at the Opera House…

5. Safe and happy country

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When compared to many other countries around the world, Australia is one of the safest, which makes it an attractive destination for international students. According to statistics, the crime rate is very low.
Australia is listed as one of the happiest countries in the world, according to the United Nations World Happiness Report. Not only that, big cities like Melbourne and Sydney are also in the top safest cities in the world.

6. Work part-time during your studies

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Australia is in the group of countries with the highest standard of living in the world, but tuition and living costs here are lower than the US and UK. International students are allowed to work part-time during their studies to partially cover the costs. With a student visa, you are allowed to work up to 40 hours / 2 weeks while you are studying. In addition, Australian scholarship programs will also help reduce the cost of studying for international students.

7. Diverse cultures

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By choosing to study in Australia, you will associate with hundreds of thousands of students from Australia and all over the world – including many from your home country – finding new friends and opportunities in this beautiful country. You will work with classmates, researchers, coaches, and people in other faculties – collaboration is a key part of student success. And in many cases, you can acquire training and practice – in the industry in which you are studying. The combination of teamwork, knowledge sharing, and industry focus will provide you with leadership in your higher learning and career.

Australia respects the religion and culture of international students. Therefore, universities will create favorable conditions to help international students integrate into the new environment. Also, Australia is a place where there is a mixture of tradition and modernity in the lifestyle of the people. The famous city of Sydney is considered one of the most culturally diverse places in the world. Many races living on the Australian territory create a colorful cultural picture, attracting the attention of international visitors and students to explore.

8. The opportunity to settle in Australia

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The Australian Government asserted that international students are a source of skilled labor and play an important role in the national economy. Therefore, this country has applied many favorable settlement policies, creating conditions for international students after graduation to have the opportunity to settle permanently.

4 Common Myths About Famous Inventors

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For years, people have been inventing and creating new machines, devices, and processes in production. Many of the ideas contributed to making this world a better place to live, but some did not have that luck, nor did their inventors become millionaires overnight. Moreover, there are those inventors who were not responsible for the inventions attributed to them. What are these common myths about famous Inventors? We will list some of them.

Myths Of Invention

Searching the history of the invention, you will find extensive documentation that stretches from the moment the first press was invented – to the expansion of the Internet. As so many myths and stories are related to certain inventions, it is interesting to read about some of them – especially those that contain something more than dry facts. Many inventions were humorous, some were serious – but even inventions that were not at all successful do not have to be considered complete failures. Moreover, each of them shows the desire of people to improve their living conditions. The list of inventions includes cars, aspirins, chewing gum, but also the story of computer mice. We will try to reach some truths and break some common myths when it comes to science and invention.

Stealing Inventions

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For some of the most important inventions in history – the credit has long been attributed to people who are not quite credited for their discoveries. A telescope, plane, and radio are just some of them. The people associated with the most important inventions of mankind become famous in the history of science and technology. But many people who made important discoveries before the formal inventors – remained in the shadows for various reasons. These merits were recognized only later, and for some of them, almost no one even knows. Therefore, it is important to protect the invention, that is – to have a patent.

Protection Of The Invention

The idea should be protected even before it reaches the patent office. Therefore, expert companies such as Invent Help deal with the problem of patent legal protection at the global level. According to Jpost.com, inexperienced inventors often present to lawyers the entire project they want to patent, which does not provide any flexibility during the registration process and prevents the inventor from making minor alterations that can improve product performance. Patent protection is important because it prevents the unauthorized use, production, and sale of a particular product. No less important is the name of the product. Therefore, people from specialized companies like this will conduct market research and gather information on whether there is a product with a similar name that would create confusion. It will then analyze how potential consumers react to the new product. Investing in such research is not small, but it mostly pays off, and it also protects the inventor from various inconveniences.

Common Myths About Famous Inventors

If they knew how to protect their inventions, some of these people might not have a headache – as was the case in these few examples.

1. War Of The Currents

The so-called current war, the conflict over the adoption of alternating current or direct current, was not truly a conflict between Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. Tesla was not involved in this war that actually happened was between Edison and George Westinghouse – for whom Tesla just worked at the time of his inventions of alternating current. Even though the alternating current was more popular in Europe – North American cities have already invested in direct current systems, and there was an inventive tradition that relied on direct current. After Edison perfected the first practical electric light bulb – the need for a national switch to electricity became apparent. As Edison had numerous patents on direct current, he would have made a fortune if electric dams had been built on it.

One of Tesla’s first jobs was for Edison. Tesla was given the task of improving Edison’s system to make it more efficient. Tesla did this by completely rejecting Edison’s design – so Edison would have to give up his patent and accept Tesla’s design. This was unacceptable to Edison for practical reasons, so they parted ways. Edison continued to consider Tesla brilliant but stubborn, while Tesla spread the story that Edison had deceived him. They split up during the mid-1880s, and Tesla decided to start his own company, Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing – which he financed even with occasional manual labor.

2. Thomas Edison The Inventor Of The Light bulb?!

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Do we need to call Edison the inventor of light bulbs? Even though he played a key role in the development of a commercially successful light bulb – he didn’t design it. Careful research leads us to 1809 when the Englishman Humphrey Davy made an arched lamp. Some ten years later, Warren de la Roux made the first sealed light bulb – and in 1840, William Robert Grou lit up the whole room with lamps. Unfortunately, the products were very expensive, short-lived. 8 scientists and 3 patents later – Edison developed one of these inventions to get a longer-lasting, cheaper product. And we all know the rest of the story.

3. The First Phone

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We’ve all heard the story of Alexander Graham Bell, the man who first invented the telephone and used it to call someone for the first time in human history – his secretary, Mr. Watson. However, the first functional phone was actually invented 15 years before that famous event, and it was invented by Philipp Reis, a German inventor. The first real telephone was called the Reis Telephone and was first shown in 1861. Reis The phone could transmit musical tones quite clearly, and human voices a little worse. There is no doubt at all that Reis was responsible for the first transmission of the human voice over a wire, a full fifteen years before the invention of the man who received all the glory.

4. Flight Of The Plane – The Fall Of The True Inventor

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The Wilbur brothers and four-year-old Orville Wright are pioneers of aviation. Their enormous contribution to the development of aviation is that in 1903 they were the first to construct a motorized aircraft called the Flyer I and officially became the first people to fly a plane. Their venture was officially declared the first controlled and continuous flight by a vehicle heavier than air. However, when the construction of the Wright brothers’ first motor aircraft is mentioned, few mention the man-inventor who made the first airplane engine. Charlie Taylor, an American mechanic, and inventor was actually working for the Wright brothers who had a bicycle repair shop.

Although Charlie was primarily employed to repair bicycles – his mechanical skills have not gone unnoticed. When it came to constructing an engine for the Flyer – two brothers hired him to do this job. He designed and constructed a water-cooled aluminum and copper engine in just six weeks. The Flyer project needed an engine with at least eight horsepower – but Taylor constructed had 12 horsepower. He continued working for the Wright brothers on engine maintenance until the 1920s.

3 Common Problems Every Student Will Face in College

The student life is one of the best times you can experience. While in college, you are going to make some friendships that will last for a lifetime, you may even meet the love of your life, and you are going to get some of the needed skills to land your dream job. Even though these few short years are amazing, there are a lot of struggles that come with it. It is said that there are a lot of common problems every student faces, no matter the location or the faculty they choose.

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Some of these problems can feel so big that you may get to the verge of dropping out of school and just giving up. One thing you should always remember is that most of these things are easily solvable and you should not give up no matter how hard things seem right now. To help you out, we created this list of things everyone struggles with in college. We are going to give you some examples, and ways you can avoid or solve the problem. Talk to your friends, family, or ask for professional help and you will realize that there is so much beauty of this period.

  1. Lack of funds

This is definitely the most common issue, and the rule is, you are never going to have enough money. Some people have to spend a lot of money on tuition, others can’t make ends meet when they are renting an apartment in another city or country, and the rest just struggle to balance the funds they need for their social life and college life.

You may need extra money to get private classes so you can ace the finals, and the books you have to buy may be too expensive. So, what to do when you cannot afford everything?

You can try buying used books if they are the same ones you are using in the class this year. The price will be halved and you will be able to save hundreds of dollars. If you need money for private lessons, then you should find a way to afford it. Passing your exams is more important than anything else. You can also try to find a part-time job, or become a freelancer so you can work from home and you can choose the hours you are available to work. Roommates are a great way to save some money on apartment rentals so you can share both the bills and the rent.

  1. Time management

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When you are in university, you have to focus on too many classes at the same time. Even though there are several times when you can take the finals, you still cannot focus on one subject per semester. It seems like the professors don’t care about the fact you cannot finish everything on time, and they all give out homework, essays, and projects at the same time.

So, you are torn between studying, making the project, writing the essay, and trying to get to all of your classes on time. Even though there is no quick-fix for this, there are some things that can help you out.

Make a plan and decide what you need to focus on right now and what can be done later. You can always ask for help with the things that don’t need all of your attention. For example, according to essayonline.net, you can always find a cheap essay online that’s created by people with the skills to provide professional academic assistance. When you have someone write an essay for you, you can save valuable time.

Think about the subjects that are the hardest and focus most of your time on them. You can study together with your friends and quiz each other to know where your knowledge stands. The same goes for projects since group projects are far easier to make than when you have to work on a task all on your own.

  1. Anxiety and Depression

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This is something that is more common that everyone admits it to be. It is said that one in three students suffers from some form of anxiety and depression. It is an extremely stressful period in your life where you are faced with the unknown, you have to make new friends, and most students have to move out of home and live hundreds of miles away from everyone they know and love.

The number of subjects, exams, time management, and money problems can lead to serious mental health issues that are left unreported and untreated. One thing you should always know is that there is no shame in you feeling anxious, stressed, or depressed. This is not something you should hide or ignore, and you should get help as soon as you notice the symptoms.

Try to find your trigger and learn if there is anything that is the biggest reason for your feelings. If you are feeling homesick, then you can talk to your parents and try to visit them or them to visit you as often as possible. Usually, this feeling will pass after the first year, so it is not a permanent state. Talk to your friends or relatives if you are feeling depressed or if you feel like the world is on your shoulders.

It is better to ask for professional help, or even take a break from college than to risk your mental health. When you address the problems when you first notice them, it is far easier to solve them than to wait for them to do permanent damage.

Your college should have a professional working there that can help you for free, so look for student counseling if you cannot afford a private psychiatrist right now.

You should know that all of these feelings that are making you panic are temporary. Everything will get better, and things will work out. The first year in college is the hardest one, so you have to just do everything you can to help yourself that first year. After that, you will have more friends, you will have a plan on how to handle financial issues, and you will have better and more stable communication with your family. When you are done with college, you are going to miss that period, so try to enjoy it as much as you can right now.

Education System in the USA – From Oldie “Then” to Modern “Now”

The education system in the USA has come a long way from informal students learning to the formal and sophisticated public school system. The United States spends a lot more money on funding per student than the OECD average the rest of the world tries to follow. However, it doesn’t mean the educational system works best. There’s vast room for major improvement, but let’s go to the past and see what quality of learning American people used to have from the very beginning.

Education in US (colonial times)

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There was hardly any good formal education (schooling in special institutions with principals and teachers) in the colonial years. In the area that’s now the state of Massachusetts, the Puritans encouraged informal learning (at home, with a parent or a custodian as a teacher). They required children to be able to read, at least.

The larger the town, the more requirements there were. Some had elementary schools with three main subjects: reading, writing, religion.

Generally, though, there was no countrywide learning requirement. The higher class was usually the educated one, although some of the poorer children could be apprentices. Only about 10% of the minor population had an opportunity to become students.

Education in the USA (the end of the 18-19th century)

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After the Revolutionary War, the newborn nation and their language needed a standard. Textbooks came into use to teach people the correct pronunciation and spelling. Besides, the books were used to plant the seeds of patriotism and the “correct” beliefs. Still no colleges and universities, and still most of the students were from the high circles of the country.

In the second half of the 19th century, in the United States, there was an era when few instructors in academic institutions held advanced degrees, such as Master of Science, Master of Arts, or Doctor of Philosophy. This was quite simple because few academic institutions in America awarded advanced degrees. America’s academic institutions were in their infancy, with many of the early colleges being established by various religious denominations, for the primary purpose of training men for the ministry. Consequently, the great majority of instructors at these early academic institutions were men, and predominantly clergymen. During this time, other than the ministry, the two most commonly chosen professions requiring any type of an academic education were medicine and law.

Besides, the government wanted immigrants to believe in “true American values”. This is the troubling thing. Professional writers from this service have written hundreds of essays discussing the initial purpose of inclusive compulsory education. The population of the States in those years was quite international. And it wasn’t desirable that the traditions and beliefs of the immigrants outshine those manifested in academic programs.

WWII and the middle of the 20th century

In the 20th century, the main rules and principles for education were set completely. In fact, the concept of compulsory, free, and universal education had deep roots. The United States was able to ask people to provide their children with education but they couldn’t force people to send their kids to any public school. In those times, people had the option to select a school for their children: they could choose between religious, private, or a public school. Needless to say, the main principles for US public education were formed to make an educational revolution. Besides, private schools continued to open. As we know from reliable historical sources, private schools were receiving financial support under the Establishment Clause.

Compulsory education was still on the elementary and secondary levels. Until the middle of the 20th century, only wealthy people could afford to go to high schools or colleges. The quality of learning was improving, but the values and purpose were still the same.

The number of enrollments increased dramatically after the end of World War II. The environment of the study was still determined by class, but a lot more people got the opportunity to learn. In the 20th century, the school system was reformed to the foundation we know nowadays.

If we analyze an early education for kids, it also has experienced some massive changes. The number of teachers, daycare workers, and nannies for kids 5 years old and younger was increased, and provisions were made for preschools. These changes were accepted in the private sphere only but that was the beginning of the kindergarten education system we know nowadays.

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Modern times

Today, more students are able to attend college than ever before, although there are still those who can’t afford it. Education is provided in public, private, and at-home schools and can fit almost every student’s needs. There are national colleges and universities, as well as possibilities of international program enrollment.

The “21st-century skills” program helps adjust and prepare the modern society to the new jobs emerging due to the rapid changes and developments of the modern time. The list doesn’t only imply what careers are relevant nowadays but also includes analysis, teamwork skills, as well as issues solving. Experiential learning has also become an important part of development.

The development of technology opens a huge new platform for progress tracking. Periodic report cards are changed for digital databases. Classes become more interactive and technology-based. We’re looking forward to VR to take a permanent place in schools and learning in general.

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To sum up

As we can see, until very recent times, the privilege of studying, as well as literally anything else, was granted only to white wealthy males. Girls’ study was supposed to be informal and occur at home. Consequently, there was no chance for them or the people of color to get professional skills and a great career.

Our world experiences new societal and technological changes constantly. It means that social-emotional intelligence and leadership skills are the most needed skills in the workplace. The modern world doesn’t require a factory mindset but it needs people who can adapt to new changes fast and overcome challenges easily. Nowadays, educators have to overcome the challenge of adapting their methods to the world’s needs.

The current situation in the US is improving, but there’s still a long way to go to the equality of race, gender, class, religion, etc.

How to Write a Thematic Essay

Thematic essay writing is one of the most exciting yet highly daunted tasks under essay writing. It entails the application of various literary techniques such as imagery, which most students do not understand. Therefore, it is no surprise that essay writing is not every student’s cup of tea. When writing a thematic essay, a writer is expected to develop a primary topic in the literature using various literary devices like imagery, personification, and foreshadowing. So, a writer must look at two aspects of these tasks. One is the theme they want that has to be under literature, and two is the application of a literary device.

These literature devices take students back to their literature and poetry classes when they learned these devices. However, since most students do not sit well with literature devices, you will find them hiring services like Acemyhomework to write their thematic essays. It is not a wrong approach since students get to save time and get a thematic essay worth an A grade. However, regardless of whether students have professional online homework helpers, they must understand the process of writing an essay. In this article, we will provide detailed steps on how to write a thematic paper.

Step One: Choose Your Topic

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It has been said time again that the topic you choose dictates your grade. This is true because if you choose a relevant topic and nail it, you will be able to get excellent grades. However, if you select an inappropriate issue, the chances of passing these tasks reduce significantly. If you are looking for a thematic essay topic, always start by brainstorming ideas, penning them down, and looking at how they integrate with literature. The theme still has to include one literary device, such as imagery. If not, the item does not meet the purpose of a thematic piece. Here are examples of essay topics that can guide how you develop such items:

  • The view of John Steinbeck about isolation and loneliness in Mice and Men
  • The viewpoints of F. Scott Fitzgerald about the American Dream in The Great Gatsby
  • The major single-parenting issues faced in today’s society

Step Two: Research

Research is a critical step in thematic essay writing because of three things. It helps the writer understand what the prompt or theme requires, understand what information to collect, and comprehend the audience. The research will give the writer insight into what the item is asking for in the piece. Thus, the writer has a clear picture of what direction to take. Secondly, research helps the writer to gather accurate and relevant information.

Let us use this topic: The view of John Steinbeck about isolation and loneliness in Mice and Men. Conducting research will help the writer to acquire information that helps them prove the various viewpoints of John Steinbeck about isolation and loneliness in Mice and Men. Research also helps with comprehending the audience. The audience plays a significant role in essay writing. If a student disregards their opinions and beliefs, they might not do an excellent job of convincing them about a particular view. Thus, understand what your readers’ views are about the theme before you pen down your ideas.

Source:goalcast.com

Step Three: Developing the Outline

If you want to make your essay writing process less challenging, then create an outline first. The overview will help you know how you will structure your work as well as the points you will use in your writing. One thing students need to know is that most thematic essays use the 5 paragraph structure. It means that the final paper will be quite long and comprehensive. So, do not think at any point that creating an outline is wasting time. Instead, it is in the real sense of time-saving because it allows you to correctly plot where to discuss each point and how to justify it.

Step Four: Write the Introduction

The thematic essay introduction is the part that presents the central theme in an appealing way. Therefore, it must begin with a hook sentence capable of grabbing the reader’s attention. If it is not well delivered or does not make sense, then the chances are that you will not win your readers’ attention. This part includes brief and necessary background information about the subject to help the reader understand why you chose that theme. The last statement in the introduction should be a thesis statement, telling the reader precisely what the essay is all about.

Step Five: Write the Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs are the sections that carry the discussion of your essay. Each paragraph in the essay must be used to discuss one point. The point should be the first sentence in the section. Other people may refer to is at the topic sentence. After indicating the topic sentence, the students have to back it up with at least three concrete points. In the case of a thematic paper, the writer has to use a literary device as evidence. This is one thing that most students tend to overlook. Another thing is that the literary device that they mention in their topic sentence also has to have a link to literature. If not, then they do not meet the purpose of writing a thematic essay.

Step Six: Write Your Conclusion

The thematic essay conclusion restates the thesis statement and summarizes all the discussions. However, students still fail in this section, especially when restating their thesis. When you are restating the thesis, ensure that you phrase it differently from how it appears in the introduction. Please do not copy it word for word since it will lead to repetition. After you summarize the discussions, ensure that you leave your audience with another hook. Let them always remember your writing as well as develop an interest to research more on the theme.

It is quite easy to write an essay if you follow these steps to the latter. They will help you compile an effective thematic essay more naturally and quickly.

Major Challenges and Great Tips on How to Overcome Them When Writing an Argumentative Essay

Argumentative essay writing from a critical point of view, the significant challenges faced by students as they write these types of essays and tips to turn things around for the better.

From a student’s point of view, argumentative essay writing can be a challenging task that may require years of practice as well as writing help and guidance from an expert. Have you ever thought of the critical aspect of writing argumentative essays? Have you had the opportunity to think about the whole process without necessarily following the stringent guidelines that are presented by different individuals? The primary point is to understand what you need to say and devise a way to say it so that your audience is convinced that your position is the best.

But how do you achieve this on paper without straying from your main goal? Argumentative essay writing is not for the faint-hearted, and you need to think outside the box and in a controversial manner to ensure that you gain the full attention of your readers. This may not be the easiest of tasks, and many young writers barely know where to start. In this article apart from the challenges faced by writers, we explore some different but score changing tips on how to write a great argumentative essay.

Significant Challenges faced by Argumentative Essay Writers and how to beat them

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Argumentative essays present you as the writer with the rare opportunity to offer your viewpoint on a given topic, but there is more to come up with your essay than just your opinion. You need to clearly give an explanation and present evidence and examples on your topic. It would be best if you also wrote in such a way that is ethical and shows sensitivity towards other people that have an opposing opinion and beliefs. It is not a chance to mock other writers or individuals, but a chance to defend your position and express the various reasons why you think other people should respect your point of view and necessarily support your arguments.

While this form of writing is made difficult by many research and craft related obstacles, understanding these obstacles can help you to significantly reduce the challenges that you face when you are coming up with a great argumentative essay. Below, are some of the most significant challenges that you are likely to face as an argumentative essay writer and overcoming them may just present you with the ability to come up with excellent papers in this category:

1. Topic selection

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Coming up with a great topic to write about in argumentative essays is not as straightforward as most people tend to think. Unlike other pieces where you need to conduct research on your topic and write a good paper, argumentative essays are a little bit more complicated. In this type of essay, you need to select a topic and then think of an argument that is more likely to attract your reader’s attention right from the very start. For example, you can think about free education. Unlike other essays where you need to explore the topic, you need to consider different points of view on this topic and argue it out. For example, ‘Education should be free for all people’.

You need to think about this topic and discuss it adequately. You need to present evidence that strongly shows the benefits that would arise from encouraging free education. You also need to consider other people’s points of view on the matter and discuss it adequately. You then need to think of an approach that convinces your readers that your stance is the best and should be considered. Prior to picking the topic, you need to ensure that it is a matter that you are passionate about. You also need to think if you will have enough evidence to back up your arguments.

2. Taking a clear stance

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This is another crucial challenge that you need to overcome in order to create great argumentative essays. In the thesis statement part of your paper, you are likely to find it difficult to state-specific views and why they are essential. A good thesis in these types of essays should always contain your position, a course of action that should be taken, and the reason why the course of action is relevant. For example, in your topic on education, you can state, ‘Creating an education system that offers free education to all people can increase the number of literate individuals in society by allowing even the poor to have access to an education.’

Ensure that you come up with a high draft of your thesis and get guidance from your instructors on how to make it more specific. You can also use free and incredible online tools like the Peachy Essay thesis statement generator to help you come up with an incredible thesis statement based on your main ideas and arguments. In this way, you can ensure that you have an excellent thesis statement prior to writing your argumentative essay.

3. Choosing your sources effectively

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The research part of the paper writing process is probably one of the most difficult. You may have access to millions of sources on a given topic from the online platform, but you need to be very careful about the type of research that you use. Many students end up with poorly written and biased papers due to the fact that they do not have the ability to pick out good sources from the many that they can access. Not all information that you come across on the internet is actually useable.

Determining if a source is good enough to use in your argumentative paper is one of the most significant challenges that you are going to face since you always need to ensure that your sources are not biased. Some of the causes may only support one position, which is just not good enough when writing these kinds of essays. Always make sure that you use articles from academic journals or reliable websites that offer well-researched papers that show where the research came from through useful bibliographies. Your inquiry is critical, and using good sources will definitely help you attain good results.

4. Exploring different opinions

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The major goal of writing an argumentative essay is defending your position or viewpoint in a given subject. For one reason or another, this causes a challenge because you are also supposed to honor other viewpoints in your paper. It is very tempting to focus on your main argument without considering what others think, and this is a major mistake made by most argumentative essay writers. They simply ignore the fact that they need to take opposing viewpoints into consideration when writing their papers and therefore exclude evidence that fails to align with their major points.

Whenever you write any form of argumentative essay, you need to consider the ethical part of paper writing that dictates that you need to consider other people’s opinions. Failure to do this makes your arguments less effective and credible. When you consider researching other viewpoints, you are able to think critically and gain more ideas on how to present your arguments. You are also able to gain the goodwill of your audience when you can accept some points that you cannot refute. You need to take this into consideration when writing your argumentative essay.

5. Writer’s Block

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This is a major problem that most writers are most likely to face at some point. You have the idea of what you want to say, but you do not know how to put it down on paper. You simply do not know what to write, lack the motivation, and you do not have an idea what to do to find that motivation. When you are not able to solve this challenge, you will find it extremely difficult to come up with a good argumentative essay. One of the best ways to solve this issue is to take some rest as you ponder over the issue that you are passionate about.

You can also take some time to read some materials related to your topic to since if you get some kind of inspiration to write your paper. When you have been writing for too long, and you feel like you are not making progress, you can also experience the block, and it would be reasonable for you to work out a plan where you note each of the goals that you attain as you write your argumentative essay. It is very important that you approach this kind of paper with a focused mind.

Argumentative essay writing can pose a set of challenges to you as a writer. This is because writing these types of essays requires some form of approach that you cannot easily get used to unless you have the potential to think critically and think of different ways to overcome the challenges that most writers will face as they write this category of essays. Right from the very start, you need to understand your position and make it clear to your audience that you will take your stand and defend it. Applying some of the tips mentioned above to solve the challenges that you face can significantly help you to write better argumentative essays.

4 Most Powerful Languages in the World

Since the dawn of time, humans have had some form of communication between each other. In those times, humans didn’t use a language with logical sentences and letters, but they still did have some form of understanding through certain sounds and gestures. Several thousands of years needed to pass until we finally made some kind of advancement in our communication. People started forming letters and words that had a lot more meaning to them. Basic wording for things such as water or food started to be a common thing.

Many millennia later, we finally reached a level where we can easily communicate with each other. Just the idea of how advanced we have become in forming reasonable sentences is simply amazing. There are no other species on this planet that have developed such a way of communication. It is even crazier to think about this once you find out that we might be one of the youngest species on this planet.

Once tribes started to develop in much more complicated social groups, the way of communicating started to develop and split into other categories too. The people up north would start speaking in one type of language while those south in some completely different.

Sometimes, it sounds some languages are so unlike each other, it is like they’ve come from two different planets.

The fact that there are more than 6,000 languages that are used on a daily basis around the world, is a crazy idea on its own. If you want to know which ones are the most used and the most powerful, make sure you keep reading.

English

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I think it is safe to say that English is the most known language on the entire planet. Sure, it doesn’t have the largest amount of native speakers, but wherever you go, you will find someone that knows how to speak English. They may not be fluent in it, but they would still be able to understand most of the basic stuff.

Studies have shown that there are more than 350 million native speakers of English. Combine these 350 million with the other 1.2 billion second-language speakers and you get a total of 1.5 billion. This number tells you just how popular English is around the planet.

Many people think that Mandarin should hold that first place of languages in the world because it has almost a billion native speakers, but the population that understands Mandarin is concentrated only in China. You won’t find people understanding Mandarin in Europe or America. This is exactly why English is believed to be such a powerful language.

Mandarin

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Like we already said, Mandarin has natively spoken by almost a billion people around the planet or more accurately, in China. There are also around 200 to 300 million second-language speakers which are a pretty big number too.

What is interesting about Mandarin is the fact that it is actually a group of Chinese languages that are spoken all across China. Think of it like this. The accents of English used around the world sound different, but it is still the same thing. You hear the same thing but pronounced in a different way. It may be a bit more difficult to understand someone with an accent, but with enough effort, your mind will be able to decipher the accent. Well, the dialects used in Mandarin completely change the way some words are said and the way some sentences are formed.

A person that originates from southern China won’t be able to understand Mandarin used by someone that originates from northern China. Both of them live in China, both of them use Mandarin, but they have will have a difficult time understanding each other.

Swahili

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Swahili is the official language in five different countries including Kenya, Tanzania, DR Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda. However, it is used in a lot more countries located in Africa. It is recognized by millions of people on this continent. The exact number of Swahili speakers is not known, but experts estimate that it is somewhere between 120 or 150 million.

Many people would argue that Swahili shouldn’t be on this list, but I believe that it is interesting enough which is why it deserves a place on this list. The idea that you can use Swahili to get through every single country of Africa is something that you cannot do with any other language. Sure, you could move across the entire United States of America with the use of English, but that’s just one country. With Swahili, you can move through 30 different countries and people will still understand you.

These days, a lot of people have started to learn Swahili because they’ve understood just how powerful it is. If you are one of those people that understands just how important Swahili is, you can find additional information about it at KL Translations that may help you delve deeper into the science behind the language.

Spanish

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Another very interesting contender on this list is Spanish. Experts believe that Spanish is spoken by almost 500 million people around the planet. It is in fact, the second most spoken native language right after Mandarin. Just 600 years ago, the only Spanish-speaking language was Spain, so the total amount of native speakers in that time was only about 8 to 9 million. But, once the Americas were starting to be explored and developed, Spanish speakers started to spread.

Today, in South America, Spanish is the official language of 20 different countries including Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Spain, and many more. Because it is so easy to learn and it is such a fluent speaking language, it easily spread around the entire South American continent. This is why it deserves to be put on the same level as Mandarin or even English.

So, if you’re interested in becoming bilingual or even trilingual, you can choose any of these contenders we mentioned above. Whichever you pick, you will definitely find yourself in a situation in the future when you will have to use it.